Evaluation of levels of organizational commitment and meaning of work for private security personnel working in stadiums by the variables of women and men tayfun kara

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Author: 
Öğr. Gör. Tayfun KARA
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

The need for security has been one of the most basic needs of the human being since its existence. Society’s security and peace has been tried to be protected and guaranteed by creating military and similar organizations through the formation of cities and states since the first societies. Protecting citizens against internal and external threats is among the major basic tasks of the state. These powers are also provided by security forces on behalf of the state. The fact that many states after the 1st World War are armed rapidly inside and outside and the technological development has been mostly seen in the war industry, is a clear indication that a new war will take place in near future. The concept of private security has developed very rapidly as an inevitable need, especially as the law enforcers that use the state authority against the changing and developing society especially after the Second War have been inadequate to meet the needs, in particular the internal security needs, of the society, resulting in very heavy costs for the states. In the study, levels of the organizational commitment and meaning of work, of the private security personnel working in stadiums were examined according to various variables. The study is important as it is the first work carried out in this field and draws attention to that field. In recent years, we see that negative attitudes and behaviors towards organizational system and work become more common in organizations. In such environment it is becoming increasingly difficult for employees to increase their sense of commitment for the organization and work. On the one hand, there is a need for improving the employees’ sense of organizational commitment and on the other hand, for revealing and solving the anti-productivity behaviors that affect their business performance. One of the most important factors for enabling organizations to carry on their activities effectively is the presence of employees who are highly committed to their organization. Employees with high organizational commitment adopt the goals and values of their organizations, make great efforts for the organization and have more desire to stay in the organization. Numerous researches show that the organizational commitment of the employees is effective in maintaining and developing the existence of the organizations. Accordingly, the relationship between the levels of organizational commitment and meaning of work for the private security personnel working in stadiums was studied using “Three-Dimensional Organizational Commitment Scale” developed by Allen and Meyer, in which the dimensions “affective commitment”, “continuance commitment”, and “normative commitment” are contained. In the study, affective commitment, one of three dimensions used to investigate the organizational commitment, refers to an emotional orientation showing that the individuals are identified with their organization, are happy for being a member of the organization and are strongly committed to the organization; continuance commitment implies that the individual will continue to be a member of the organization due to the costs that would arise if the individual leaves the organization and/or due to the lack of alternative job opportunities; and normative commitment refers to the commitment of individuals which they show because of necessity feeling due to moral obligation sense. Another scale used in this study is Scale for Meaning of Work. This scale is a three-dimensional measurement tool consisting of 10 items, which has been developed by Stegger et al. (2012). These dimensions are Positive meaning, the meaning added by work and High motivation. The scale is a 5-point Likert scale, the rating of which is as follows: “1” for Totally Disagree, “2” for disagree, “3” for Neutral, “4” for Agree and “5” for Totally Agree.

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