Influence of strategy formulation on performance of hiv and aids interventions managed by non-governmental organisations in Nyanza Region, Kenya

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 842.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 208.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 842.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalcra.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
Author: 
Leon Hongo Awiti, Dr. Margaret Oloko and Prof. Charles Rambo
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Nyanza region in the Western part of Kenya has the highest concentration of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) implementing HIV and AIDS interventions. Nonetheless, the region is cited to have a high prevalence HIV infection of 15.3% while the prevalence rate for Kenya stands at 7.4%, this has partly been blamed on poorly formulated strategies that have failed to reduce new HIV infections in Nyanza to zero.The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of strategy formulation on performance of HIV and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) interventions managed by NGOs in Nyanza Region and the moderating influence of stakeholder participation on such relationship. This study used a positivist and interpretive paradigms adopting an ex post facto research survey design. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The target population for the study was 18 the departmental heads of program management, 18 monitoring and 18 evaluation and program implementation in NGOs registered by the NGO council as implementing HIV and AIDS interventions as a major focus and operating within Nyanza Region. The study also targeted the directors of the three governing bodies for HIV programming. The population was thus 60 respondents. Non-probability purposive sampling was used to pick the respondents. The research used two instruments: questionnaires, Interviews schedules. Content validity was measured by using the Content Valid Index (CVI). The researcher used Cronbach's Alpha reliability to measure the internal consistency of the questionnaires, r (6 items)=0.839. Data analysis was done through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as chi-square odds ratio, hypothesis testing, logit regression modeling. Organisations that did strategy formulation to a small extent were 1.091 more likely to have non-performing HIV/AIDS interventions compared to those that conducted strategy formulation to a large extent, X2(1) =11.018, p= 0.049, CL=95%. Similarly organizations engaging stakeholders in strategy formulation to a small extent were 1.111 more likely to more likely to have non-performing HIV/AIDs interventions compared to those that engaged stakeholders to a large extent, X2(1) =5.030, p= 0.033, CL=95%. There was a significant relationship between strategy formulation and performance of HIV and AIDS interventions managed by non-governmental organisations in Nyanza Region, critical value= 3.84 and the X2(1) value=11.018, 3.84 <11.018.There was a significant moderating influence of stakeholder participation on the relationship between strategy formulation and performance of HIV and AIDS interventions managed by non-governmental organisations in Nyanza Region. Critical value= 3.84 and the X2(1) value =5.030, 3.84 <5.030. The study recommends that the NGOs managing the HIV and AIDS interventions should strengthen their strategy formulation processes and engage stakeholders more meaningfully in the strategy formulation process.

PDF file: 

Editorial Board Member's

Dr.Geetanjali Joshi Mishra
Lucknow, UP, INDIA
Dr. Sankalp Verma
India
Tannu Arora
India
Prof Dr. Lee Mun Seng
Malaysia
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
DANA MOHAMMED
UK
Ali Majnoony Tootakhaneh
Iran
Prof. Somchai Amornyotin
Thailand
Omenna Emmanuel Chukwuma
Nigeria
Nurhodja Akbulaev
Turkey
Muhammad Hamid
Pakistan
MOHAMMAD GHOLAMI
Iran
MAVLYANOV ISKANDAR RAKHIMOVICH
Uzbekistan
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Eapen, Asha Sarah
USA
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
UK
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
Dr. Lokesh Gambhir
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Charu Bisaria
India
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Bensafi Abd-El-Hamid
Algeria
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Arun Kumar
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
ALIIHSAN SEKERTEKIN
Turkey
Yassine KADMI
French
Tariqual Islam Sajeeb
Dhaka
Jiban Shrestha
Nepal
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Amzad Basha Kolar
India
Prof. Suhail Hussein Al-Fatlawi
Iraq
ZiedIBN El Hadj
Tunisia
Zafer Omer Ozdemir
Turkey
Uthumporn Utra
Malasiya
Tarek Habeeb Ramadan Ahmed
Egypt
Syed Abdul Rehman Khan
China
Sri. P.C. Puri
India
Dr. Mohd Ramzi Bin Mohd Hussain
Malasiya
Peter Changilwa Kigwilu
Africa
P. Rajasulochana
India
Nam Nguyen Dang
Vietnam
Lachachi Abdelheq
Algerie
Ibrahim Khider Ibrahim Osman
Sudan
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
DR. Yogesh Dnyandeo Narkhede
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Mustafa Y.G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Ashok Kumar
India
Arshad Mehmood
Pakistan
Anania B. Aquino
Phillippines
Ahmed I.S. Ahmed
Egypt
Yaling Lin
Taiwan
Souhir Neifar
Tunisia
Nihad Abdel Latif Ali Kadhim
Iraq
Muhammad Aslam
Pakistan
Dr. Shahera S.Patel
India
Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
Dr. Devendra Kumar Gupta
India
Diones Krinski
Brasil
Aberham Kebedom Darge
Ethiopia
Atiya Firdous
Pakistan
Prof. Marco Nemesio E.Montano
Phillippines
Prof. Zora Singh
AUSTRALIA
Dr. Alaa Fahmy Mohamed
Egypt
Moataz Mostafa El-Nahas Ali El-sherbini
Egypt
Prof. M. Abdul Mottaleb
Maryville
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran