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The prevalence of foot fungal infections and their associated factors among the diabetic patients attending ministry of health primary health care centers, Jeddah, 2018

Author: 
Alotaibi, N.A., Alghamdi, M.M. and Alharthi, A.H.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Foot fungal infection is a common health problem, that could result in serious consequences in diabetic patients who are more susceptible to infection. The previous few researches carried out in Saudi Arabia recommended further studies to elaborate pattern of foot fungal infections in at risk group especially diabetic patients. Therefore, the current study aim to determine the prevalence of foot fungal infection and its associated factors among diabetic patients attending primary health care centers in Jeddah. Subjects and Methods: Through a cross section design, 200 diabetic patients were selected randomly from primary health care centers in Jeddah by multistage sampling. Interview questionnaire was used for the collection of the patient data and associated factors with foot fungal infection. In addition to demographic characteristics; clinical foot examination was done to detect foot fungal infection. Wagner scale was used in the presence of foot ulcer. Independent sample t test and chi square were used to test for significant differences. Results: Out of all responding patients (200), females constituted (52%), male constituted 104(48%) their mean age accounted for 55.6±14.21 years, it ranged between 6-89 years, and most of them were unemployed or retired (78%). Foot fungal infections were detected in 84(42%) of patients. The prevalence was significantly higher in older patients, unemployed or retired patients, those who had previous fungal infection and those who had hypertension; while it was lower in patients who used to take care regularly of their feet, regularly checking inside of the shoes and wearing socks p<0.05. Conclusion and recommendations: The prevalence of foot fungal infection is remarkably high in diabetic patients attending primary health care centers in Jeddah, We recommend regular checkup of diabetic patients for foot fungal infection, and emphasize health education about foot care.

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