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December 2010

This study was carried out among farmers who raise poultry in Abia State, Nigeria, to determine the socio economic characteristics influencing their awareness of avian influenza. Three hundred and sixty poultry farmers were selected using multi-stage sampling procedure for the study. Data were collected by the use structured questionnaire and analysed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Results showed that 73.30% of the poultry farmers in the state were merely aware of the bird flu disease, while 26.7% of the respondents were not aware.

The objective of this study was to assess the oil composition of peppermint grown in the National Botanic Garden, Khartoum, Sudan. The essential oil obtained by hydro-distillation (0.4%) of the fresh leaves of Mentha piperita, were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Eleven compounds representing 89.28% of the oil were identified. Menthone (47.38%), menthofuran (9.79%), menthol (8.58%), pulegone (7.92%), cineol 1.8 (5.29%), isomenthone (4.64%)and limonene (2.73%) were the major components. The study showed that M.

A feeding trial was conducted to test the efficacy of fresh green guinea grass (FGGG) as green food supplement on growth response of grower pigs. A total of 45 young pigs between 18 and 19 kg live body weight on the average, were used in a completely randomized design (CRD) experiment. The pigs were obtained from a landrace x large white crosses. There were five treatments of nine animals each replicated three times with three animals per replicate.

A total of one hundred and fifty day old broiler chicks were used to comparably evaluate the performance of birds fed pelletized diet and those fed re-ground pelletized feed. At the end of brooding, the birds were grouped into three of fifty birds each, with each treatment group having five replicates of ten birds per replicate. The first group of birds were fed on 100% whole pelletized feed, the second group were fed on 100% reground pelletized feed, while the third group of birds were fed on 50% whole pelletized feed and 50% reground pelletized feed.

The proximate composition, market prices and production cost per unit kilogram of four common meat types were investigated in the south-western area of Nigeria. The meat types were beef, broiler, Claria lazera and Tilapia macrocephala and the parameters were crude protein (%),ether extract (%),ash(%),crude fibre (%) and nitrogen-free extract (%) and average market prices of the meat types. One hundred grammes of each of the meat sample were obtained from freshly slaughtered cow, broiler chicken and fishes.

Rehabilitation of denuded patches using perennial grasses has been used extensively in semi-arid environments of Kenya. However, weeds continue to pose an enormous challenge to the success of many rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to identify the common weeds that pose a challenge to rehabilitation success and establish the grass-weed interactions in rehabilitated areas of a semi-arid environment in Kenya. A survey questionnaire was administered to capture the farmers’ perception on the most problematic weeds and the challenge they pose to rehabilitation programmes.

Environmental amenities and other site specific characteristics can affect the price and productivity of residential property in a variety of ways. An analysis of the demand for air quality in Cochin industrial agglomeration in India is presented using the survey data from 600 households. Hedonic property value model is used to identify and monetarize the benefits in the value of residential property due to an improvement in air quality.

Chitosan a biopolymer membrane prepared by solution casting method was cross-linked with 0.1, 0.5, and 0.7 M H2SO4.The structural properties were characterized by FTIR and XRD and the results showed protonation of the NH2 groups by H2SO4 and the cross-linking decreased the crystallinity of the chitosan membrane.

The recent proliferation and the availability of the complete sequence information of the pathogenic fungi has made it possible to carry out the in silico subtractive genome analysis for identification of novel putative drug targets. In this present study subtractive genomic approach is employed to identify novel targets in Ascomycete (Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus nidulans, Gibberella zeae, Ashbya gossypii) and Basidiomycete species (Cryptococcus neoformans). These fungal species act as plant and animal pathogens.

In this study, we have measured the radon and radium concentration in the more than 200 drinkable water sample collected around of Mashhad, specially the religion tourist sites like Khajeh Rabie, Khajeh Abasalt, Khajeh Morad Temples, Ferdowsi tomb, Torghabe, Trogh and Shandiz tourist tawns. The result shows that there is a significant correlation between radon and radium of water samples. The Radon is a liner function of the radium with a good liner correlation coefficient of 0.907.

Radon and its radioactive progenies in indoor places are recognized as the main sources of public exposure from the natural radioactive sources. The tap water used for drinking and other household uses can increase the indoor radon level. In the present research data on radon concentrations in the water samples of Mashhad city has provided. Water samples were collected from various places and supplies of public water used in Mashhad. Then radon concentration has been measured by PRASSI system tree times for each sample in this research.

There is a specific response to the specific nature of a training load. This specific response will tend to emphasize one or more of the abilities that make up fitness. These abilities are basic and respond well to training. Each exercise in training tends to develop a particular biomotor ability. The game, tennis, requires high level of speed, agility, coordination and endurance. Different training methods are being adopted by tennis players to improve their biomotor abilities.

In this paper, determinant sampling scheme for estimation of a finite population mean is extended for the ratio and regression methods of estimation. The relative performance of determinant sampling along with those of the simple random and systematic sampling are assessed for certain natural populations for estimation of the finite population means through the methods of ratio and regression estimation.

Interference due to transmissions by adjacent nodes in a multi-hop wireless network can be modeled using a Unit Disc Graph (UDG). We investigate the reliability associated with using the clique number instead of the chromatic number of the UDG while computing the interference. In our extensive simulations with UDGs of random networks, we observed that the clique number and the chromatic number values were typically very close to one another and the maximum deviation was much less than the theoretical bounds. This implies very high reliability in the proposed approximation.

Thanks to advances in wide-area network technologies and the low cost of computing resources, Grid computing came into being and is currently an active research area. One motivation of Grid computing is to aggregate the power of widely distributed resources, and provide non-trivial services to users. To achieve this goal, an efficient Grid scheduling system is an essential part of the Grid. Rather than covering the whole Grid scheduling area, this survey provides a review of the subject mainly from the perspective of scheduling algorithms.

Communication is the basic attribute of human life and language is the main tool of human communication. English became the language of international communication or international language. English is playing a vital role in political, social, educational, and economic concerns of the nations. Teachers in communicative classrooms will find themselves talking less and listening more--becoming active facilitators of their students. At present, in some places it has evolved into CALI or Computer Assisted Language Learning.

The main operations in hospitals are trying to maintain their process in the progressive manner that is healthcare sectors are try to streamline their processes. In order to do so, it is essential to have an accurate view of the care flows under consideration. In this paper, we apply process mining techniques to obtain meaningful knowledge about these flows, e.g., to discover typical paths followed by particular groups of symptoms that create a disease of a patient. This is a non-trivial task given the dynamic nature of healthcare processes.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the direct and indirect effects of socioeconomic and demographic factors on age at death of infant and child in the slum area. Methods: Data have been collected from one hundred and twenty five ever married women from slum dwellers in Rajshahi City through a structured questionnaire. A statistical tool, path analysis has been used to find out the direct and indirect effects on age at death of infant and child.

The development in economic and social front across the states in India has not been inclusive of all categories of population and that has been highlighted in several earlier studies. The experience of the newly formed state Jharkhand is not different where women is excluded from the access to those required for the human development as well as empowering them. The primary objective of this paper is thus to understand the level of Gender Deprivation in Jharkhand.

In this paper, inspired by a postmodern reconceptualization of truth and the deconstruction of objectivity, I critique the notion of western-inspired psychotherapy as neutral, universal, apolitical, and normative for all cultures and groups. This value-free idea of clinical praxis, I argue, would advantageously give way to understandings that re-vision the therapeutic encounter as a deeply political context – subject to the vulnerabilities of normal social interactions.

In this work a 3kVA Photovoltaic system capable of sustaining 5 campus offices has been designed, with an array of 14 panels each of 150W rating and a battery bank of 10, 200AH/12V batteries, the design is capable of sustaining power from storage to a maximum of 2 days without sunlight.

Based on Erlang’s traffic formula, a package has been developed in C++ to simulate the size or number of circuits required in a trunk for selected and better quality grade of service(GoS). Package is useful for designing medium scale trunk networks.

A survey was conducted from February – May 2009, to assess the level of loss due to storage rot diseases in mango at the farm and the different stages of marketing via wholesale and retail. The degree of losses due to storage rot diseases varied at the different stages of marketing. The rots were highest at the retail stage (25.9 to 57.8% at Fruit Garden market and 24.5 to 48.5% at Loco market). At the wholesale stage, the severity of the rot disease ranged from 2.0 to 3.9% at Loco market to 3.7 to 8.4% at Fruit Garden market. The rot severity at the farm stage was 1.43%.

The study determined the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics. A total of 1,025 single and married pregnant women within the age range of 15-40 years who had no known medical risk factors for preterm labor birth were enrolled from three hospitals of tertiary, secondary and primary levels. Vaginal smear samples were collected from the pregnant women with gestational age range of 14-36 weeks. Diagnosis of trichomoniasis was predicted based on the method of cultivation in cystein peptone liver maltose (CPLM) media.

In this study, we analyzed the anticancer properties of luteolin in N-nitosodiethylamine induced group of rats. We found that the administration of luteolin (0.2mg) for 16 weeks to N-nitosodiethylamine induced rats provides protection against the oxidative stress caused by the carcinogen and thereby prevents hepatocellular carcinogenesis. On administration of the carcinogen, the level of lipid peroxidation elevated markedly, but it was found to be significantly reduced by luteolin administration.

Based on survey of Maharashtra. The present work deals with Folk medicinal plants and plant parts used on various diseases by local inhabitants in Maharahtra. Visited placed are Nanded, Mahur, Kinwat, Gokunda, Loni, Anandwadi, Parli-Vaijanath, Chakur, Degloor, Latur, Daheli, Nalwand, Bhagwati. Authors collected the traditional knowledge from local inhabitants. The information provided here is based on personal interviews of local inhabitants.

A new sensitive analytical approach for determination of erythromycin A in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by a fast scanning stripping square wave voltammetry using the dropping mercury electrode (PSA-F) was developed and validated. Optimum parameters for erythromycin A quantification were: Ammonium acetate buffer 0.1 M, pH 8.0 as supporting electrolyte; acetonitrile as the solvents for disolving erythromycin standard; forward scanning; Vstart: -400 mV; Vstop: -1700 mv; Vstep: 6 mV; Vpulse: 40 mV; Tdop: 5000 ms; Velectrolide: -1100 mV; Telectrolide: 5s.

An attempt was made to investigate the effect of Lufenuron in liver tissue of mice, Musculus species. The sublethal dose of Lufenuron (0.1520 mg/kg) administered to mice. In the present study the level of Lipid Peroxidation (LPO), Glutathione (GSH), Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx), Catalase (CAT) and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) were observed.

The development of in vitro propagation of plants holds tremendous potential for the production of high-quality plant-based medicines. Aristalochia indica is used in traditional remedy. In the present study, attempts have been made to develop a simple, reliable and reproducible protocol for micropropagation from different explants of Aristalochia indica. Shoot tip and nodal segments showed elongation without multiplication when either NAA or KIN was used in MS medium. Shoot multiplication was obtained when cytokinins like BAP was used. BAP alone also induced multiple shoots.

A study was carried out to assess the colonization of bacterial strains adherent to the upper and lower sides of the mulberry leaves, in the intestinal zones of the silkworm Bombyx mori. Upper and lower sides of one week, two week and three week old mulberry leaves were scraped aseptically and cultured in nutrient agar medium. Morphological, physiological and fermentation characteristics of the bacterial isolates were studied to identify the strains.

Vermicompost appears to be generally superior to conventionally produced compost in a number of important ways; (i) Vermicompost is superior to most composts as an inoculant in the production of compost (ii) Worms have a number of other possible uses on farms, includingvalue as a high-quality animal feed (iii) Vermicomposting and vermiculture offer potential to organic farmers as sources of supplemental income. All of the above will be discussed in detail later in this document.

A survey on the knowledge based, location and safety provision of agrochemical dealers in Oyo state was reviewed. Survey research techniques using questionnaires was employed for the collection of data. As many Questionnaires as the numbers of dealers per zone were distributed in each of the 4 zones. Univarite analysis involving the use of simple percentage was used to analyze the data and the results were presented in different types of charts.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae was the cheapest strain available for the conversion of substrate. In the present study, it is used for bioethanol production from cashew apple juice. The influencing parameters that affect the production of bioethanol from cashew apple juice were optimized. Parameter optimization was done such as temperature, pH, inoculums size were studied, it was found to be pH of 4.5 temperature of 32°C and inoculum level 108 respectively. Under this optimum operating condition the maximum of yield 6.5 % bioethanol was achieved.

The larvicidal activity of Sida acuta was evaluated against 3rd instars larvae of Anopheles subpictus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The crude leaf extract and active compound cryptolepine showed negligible mortality against early third instar larvae of An. subpictus and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. The 24 h LC50 value was observed at 38.68, 50.81 mg/l and 9.98, 12.69 mg/l for crude leaf extract and active compound cryptolepine, respectively. The structure was elucidated from infrared, ultraviolet, 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 13C-NMR, and mass spectral data.

In the present study, the sub-lethal effects of arsenic on various biochemical parameters of Tilapia mossambica were studied. The fish was exposed to sub- lethal concentration of arsenic for 15 days for chronic toxicity studies. In the present study, total protein, amino acid and acetylcholinesterase, glycogen and lactic acid were observed. The present study showed the protein content was decreased and amino acid content was increased significantly and also Acetylcholinesterase was increased in the liver tissue of arsenic treated fish, Tilapia mossambica.

Health for all is one of the objectives of the millennium development goals. Our effort to secure a more enabling communication environment should not compromise the health of the people. This paper tries to obtain a clue to the health impact of radio frequency exposure to the general public. It therefore reports results of preliminary studies carried on radio frequency exposure level of electromagnetic energy originating from mobile telephone base station antennas in Aba, a city in south east Nigeria.

The beedi industry occupies a prominent place in rural development in terms of its capacity to offer potential employment opportunities to a large number of people. For the beedi industry Tamilnadu is one of the major hub in India. It is estimated that around one million workers mostly woman and children are employed in Beedi making. It is an ardu¬ous, labour intensive task because each beedi is rolled individually. Beedi industry is almost an unorganized sector hence even the government officials finding it difficult to enforce the various legal requirements.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari