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July 2023

  1. Dr. Prathvi Nandalike, Dr. Prakruthi, J., Dr. Nimrah Fathima and Dr. Sandhya Rani


  2. Ashutosh Bachheti

    This article is prepared to show the importance of affective domain in the personality development of an individual. Along with this, another aim of this study is to see the interrelationship of the affective domain with values and value based education. As a method of study, literature review is done and for this, literature was collected from various online and offline sources. Inter comparison of content was adopted as the method of analysis. On the basis of analysis of content, it may be concluded that, when we talk about multi directional development of an individual, equal importance must be given to affective domain along with cognitive aspects. Affective domain is developed in hierarchical order of some steps of affective domain process. Affective domain process is focused on internalization of values, and it is necessary for affective development to take value development as base. For value development, value based education is desirable. There are many formal and non-formal ways of value based education. Value based education could be given in structured way through adopting some value models. One of these models is value clarification model that gives the direction for value development through following some specific steps. Development of affective domain is reflected as values inculcated through this model.

  3. Dr. Sreelakshmy M.V, Dr. Arnab Nag, Dr. Indranil Das and Dr. Tanoy Bose

    This article is prepared on Adult onset Still’s disease, which is a rare disorder. The most accepted pathophysiology is the autoinflammatory response. We here report a young lady diagnosed with AoSD who presented with complaints of fever, joint pain and sore-throat.

  4. Prof. Sujeet Kumar and Janki Dhapola

    The purpose of the study was to find out the differences between the reasons behind difficulties of life science concepts of under graduate zoology students of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya and Atal Bihari Vajpayee University Bilaspur, (C.G.) Chhattisgarh state. For the present study two hundred (200) B.Sc. 3rd year Zoology students of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya and Atal Bihari Vajpayee University Bilaspur, (C.G.), India was selected. For the present study researcher has selected students those who are studying in B.Sc. 3rd year at the time of data collection. For the collection of data researcher has constructed “Reasons Behind Difficulties Inventory” (RBDI)” with reliability 0.75measured through test, re-test methodand to find out the difference chi square test was usedand implemented purposive sampling technique. In this present study only twenty (20) life science concepts of B.Sc. 3rd year Zoology subject were taken and remaining zoology concepts of B.Sc. 3rd year has not been considered. After collection of data through this tool researcher has analysed the quantitative data by using descriptive statistics. The study concluded that there was a significant difference between graduate zoology students of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya and Atal Bihari Vajpayee University Bilaspur, (C.G.)in all the selected ten reasons at 0.025level of significance.

  5. Kajal Saini and Prof. (Dr.) Ajay Kumar Gupta

    Ayurveda has eight branches, like islands in the sea, separated on the surface but connected in the deep as Ayurveda. Among these eight branches “Shalya Tantra” is one of the prestigious branch which manage the diseases not only with the oral medications but also with some therapeutic procedures having marvelous effects on diseases. Shalya Tantra deals with extraction of trana, kashta, pashana, panshu, loha, loshta, asthi, bala, nakha, puya-shrava, dushta-vrana, antar-garbha and antar-shalya.It also explains about yantra, shastra, Kshara and Agni karma. In addition to this, it also helps in diagnosis of various stages of vrana. Ayurveda deals with curing of disease of those afflicted by diseases and protecting those who are healthy. Acharya Sushruta known as “Father of Surgery” has described various conservative, surgical and Para surgical measures for management of various ailments. Para surgical measures are those which are parallel to surgery and equally effective. These include Raktamokshana, Agni karma and Kshara karma. These procedures are best for the patients who are delicate, like Balak, Vridda, Bhiru, Garbhini, Raja, and for those who are unwilling to undergo surgery. Acharya Sushruta has mentioned that the disease which are not cured by Aushad, Shastra and Bheshaja can be cured by therapeutic fire in the procedure called Agni karma. Acharya Sushruta has described a separate chapter for Agni karma and also mentioned about the materials used for Agni karma called Dahanopakarana, the indications and contraindications for the procedure, etc. In the continuity, he also mentioned the season which is best for the procedure along with the types of Agni karma. Acharya Sushruta has also explained about the types of ‘dagdha’ with their management.

  6. Basant Mohan Negi and Prof. (Dr.) Ajay Kumar Gupta

    Rakta, which is an essential component of our body, has been given much importance in Ayurveda. It serves many functions in our body and is even considered the fourth Dosha by Acharya Sushruta (Shastri, 2020). Rakta is considered Prana, and that is why it is very important to save or preserve this priceless entity, as Raktasrava (haemorrhage) can lead to many morbid conditions and even death (Sashtri, 2020; Gupta, 1951). Loss of Rakta from the body can be due to Shastra Karma (surgical procedures), some Vyadhis (diseases) like Raktapitta, any Aghata (trauma), or during Raktamokshan (Therapeutic Bloodletting). For this purpose, Acharya Sushruta described four Raktastambhanopayas (haemostatic measures), which are Skandana, Sandhana, Pachana, and Dahana (Shastri, 2020). This review focuses on the four haemostatic measures used in Ayurveda, their probable mode of action, and modern correlations.

  7. Dr. Sachin Aslam A., Dr. Akshay M.V., Dr. Roshni A., Dr. Mathew P.C. and Dr. Nusrin T.P.

    Multiple impacted permanent teeth are rare and often associated with systemic diseases or some rare syndromes. This article reports a case of an 11-year-old boy with an impacted maxillary central incisor, an impacted odontome, and a supernumerary tooth. Radiographic interpretation revealed multiple impacted teeth. Medical and family history with clinical examination was not suggestive of any syndromes. Idiopathic multiple impacted teeth are suggested to be the possible diagnosis.

  8. Hassan Elqaderi, Khalil Musallem, Ali Alrosan, Tareq Alqudah and Mohammad Ameen Abutaleb

    Background: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis patients became an acceptable non inferior alternative to routine surgical replacement with good outcomes in high-risk patients and inoperable patients. But a new group of complications start to be encountered after performing this procedure, one of these groups is non-access site complication. Objectives: in this study we try to find the incidence of post transcutaneous aortic valve replacement complications, especially non-access site complications, and try to find if there are any association between some risk factors and complications incidence. Methods: From 2015 to 2022, a total of 89 patients can be followed in transcutaneous aortic valve replacement clinic at queen alia heart institute. baseline patient characteristics, procedural details, and clinical outcomes retrospectively collected through reviewing their electronic medical files. We evaluated the total cohort for different types of complications, especially the following: post procedural acute kidney injury, post procedural high degree atrioventricular block mandating permanent pacemaker implantation, post procedural cerebrovascular accident, post procedural paravalvular leak and intraprocedural acute pulmonary edema. We try to find a relationship between. These major complications and certain risk factors as diabetes, hypertension, pre-existing chronic kidney disease, associated mitral valve dysfunction, pre-existing conduction abnormalities and left ventricular dysfunction. Study population also divided into subgroups according to age and gender, and we try to find a difference between these subgroups regarding incidence of complication. Results: Mean patient age was 80 ± 7 years, 49.4% of the patients were women, 84.3% were hypertensive, 39.3% were diabetic, 7.9% were chronic kidney disease patients, 5.6% had a history of cerebrovascular accident. 3.4% had post procedural moderate paravalvular regurgitation, 15.4% developed high degree atrioventricular block mandating permanent pacemaker implantation, 7.9% developed intraprocedural acute pulmonary edema, 6.7% developed post implantation cerebrovascular accident and 4.5% developed post procedural acute kidney injury. Conclusions: various type of complication can be encountered and should be managed promptly after Transcatheter aortic valve replacement, addressing and studying these complication should be encouraged worldwide as this procedure became a novel strategy in managing severe aortic stenosis, right heart catheterization for filling pressure measurement and controlling co-morbidities as diabetes and hypertension may decrease the incidence of transcatheter aortic valve replacement periprocedural complications.

  9. Dr. Avinash Kumar, Dr. Manjari Kishore, Dr. Shubham Mittal, Dr. Garima Sinha, Tanisha Jain and Sonali Chauhan

    Tuberculosis otitis media complicated with mastoiditis is a rare infection of middle ear which is mostly secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis. The primary form of infection is rarely encountered. Even though pulmonary tuberculosis is very common in India, tubercular otitis media is a rare manifestation. Herein, we present a case of 27-year-old male patient who presented with symptoms of ear discharge and reduced hearing in the right ear. On examination, multiple perforations were seen in the tympanic membrane leading to suspicion of tubercular otitis media. Right modified radical mastoidectomy was done and on histopathology, a diagnosis of tuberculosis was confirmed.

  10. Mauro Geller, Carlos Pereira Nunes, Claudio de Campos Rodrigues, Mendel Suchmaher, Spyros G E Mezitis, Helio Rzetelna and Marina M. Burlá

    The gamma-aminobutyric acid tartrate, glutamic acid, dibasic calcium phosphate, thiamine, pyridoxine, and cyanocobalamin combination is an innovative way to manage Motion Sickness (MS). To assess the participants' clinical improvement, we measured their reduction in the mean MSAQ (Motion Sickness Assessment Questionnaire) score. We found significant improvements favoring the use of this association for the chronic treatment of MS.

  11. Tankoano Boalidioa, Ouédraogo Dramane, Sanon Zézouma, Yao Abdoulaye, Sehoubo Yawo Joseph, Séremé Hamadou and Hien Mipro

    Les actions anthropiques et la péjoration climatique sont les causes majeures de la dégradation des espaces de conservation au Burkina Faso. Pour mieux cerner l’impact de ces facteurs sur le couvert végétal, une étude a été menée dans la Forêt Classée de Kuinima. L’objectif général de l’étude était d’améliorer les connaissances sur la dynamique des superficies forestières de la Forêt Classée de Kuinima de 1990 à 2018 pour une politique de gestion durable. Pour ce faire, une cartographie de la Forêt Classée de Kuinima à l’aide des images satellitaires Landsat de 1990, 2002, 2014 et 2018 a été réalisée. La classification supervisée par l’algorithme du Maximum de vraisemblance en utilisant l’extension SCP de QGIS a été utilisée. L’analyse des résultats cartographiques obtenus a montré que de 1990 à 2018 la Forêt Classée de Kuinima a perdu une grande partie de sa végétation naturelle au profit des parcs agroforestiers qui occupent de nos jours plus de 77,04% de la superficie totale de cette forêt. Les activités agricoles et le manque de surveillance sont autant de facteurs explicatifs de la dégradation de cette Forêt Classée de Kuinima. Cette situation aura pour conséquence immédiate la perte de la biodiversité de ladite Fo en absence de toute action de renforcement de sa protection contre les pratiques agricoles inappropriées. Il est plus que nécessaire de former les producteurs aux pratiques de l’agroforesterie afin de réduire leurs impacts sur les services et les biens offerts par la forêt.

  12. Karan Chawla

    Following the widespread adoption of cloud computing, researchers and businesses have been developing additional approaches that bring computing closer to the end users in order to realise ground-breaking applications, provide better QoS, exert more control over sensitive data, and maximise resource reuse. So, a general definition of mist computing is the downward push of cloudy computing characteristics to sensor networking at the very edge of the network. As is customary for Internet technology trends, Mist Computing has quietly become well-known, but it still needs a lot of work and time to evolve into a clear and understood technology that changes the industrial landscape. The conventional methods have drawbacks, such as a lack of generality and a significantly slower rate of convergence. In order to address the challenge of sending enormous amounts of data to far-off cloud data centres, new computing paradigms like mist and fog computing have emerged as a result of the Internet of Things' (IoT) fast proliferation. The data is transmitted to the cloud server in the traditional setup of a GIS framework based on cloud computing, where it is processed and examined. On the Internet, this method used a lot of computing power and traffic. The Internet of Things (IoT), which consists of a network of connected sensors and devices, is continually growing. As a result, massive volumes of data of all kinds being created at speeds that were previously unheard of. Fog computing emerged as a solution to the problem of moving huge amounts of IoT data to distant cloud resources for processing by adding a layer between the IoT and cloud levels. This review paper addresses three of applications of mist computing, specifically Internet of Things, SmartHealth and Geospatial Data Analysis.

  13. Deveshwari and Prof Dr. Ajay Kumar Gupta

    Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine based on the belief that health and wellness depends on a delicate balance between mind, body and spirit. Ayurvedic modalities aim to restore balance of Doshas, which cause ailments, and preventing the recurrence of diseases by addressing underlying imbalances. Raktamokshana is one of these modalities which focuses on elimination of Dushit Rakta (vitiated blood) from one’s body. Among various methods of Raktamokshana, Jalaukavacharana is practiced since ancient times. It holds a place in the right hand of Lord Dhanwantri emphasizing its significance for ailing humanity. The Father of Surgery, Acharya Sushruta, has given a detailed description of Jalauavacharana in his treatise “Sushruta Samhita’’ and described Jalauka under the heading of Anushastra. The inborn attributes of Jalauka are Sheeta (cold) and Madhura (Sweet) are opposite to Pitta Dosha and these qualities help in pacifying Pitta Dosha. From a modern perspective, the saliva of Jalauka contains several bioactive substances which help in the removal of toxins accumulated in the body and thus helpful for the treatment of plastic and reconstructive surgery, which mainly helps to stimulate the growth of new blood vessels and restore the blood supply to compromised tissues. In addition to its medicinal properties, Jalauka is favored for being a minimally invasive and cost-effective treatment option.

  14. Made Aditya Pramana Putra, Ida Bagus Wyasa Putra, Ni Ketut Supasti Dharmawan, Desak Putu Dewi Kasih and Putu Aras Samsithawrati

    This study aims to analyze how well-known marks are protected internationally and to elaborate on whom is justice addressed when it comes to regulating a well-known mark. This research uses normative research with statutory, case, analytical, and conceptual approaches. It employs primary legal materials in the form of laws and regulations, and secondary legal materials related to similar literature or readings derived from other scientific writings. The results show that the protection of internationally well-known marks has been regulated, particularly under Article 16(2) of the TRIPs Agreement that complies with the Paris Convention. To become a well-known mark, several categories must be fulfilled, namely: a mark must already be registered in various member countries, continuous promotions need to be carried out, and by determining the knowledge of the trademark in the relevant sector of the public. After fulfilling all categories and becoming well-known marks, it can be protected in entire member countries without the need registration process. Well-known mark protection provides justice not only for well-known mark owners but particularly relevant consumers as it offers a sense of security and comfort upon such reputation attached to the said well-known mark. Further, the emerging well-known marks from other countries such as Indonesia will get the same equal treatment with reciprocity principles. In addition, the existence of well-known marks protection also will increase and open job opportunities in the countries where well-known marks are spread out to be marketed.

  15. Dr. Vandana Yadav

    In 21st century world is moving at very fast pace, there is rapid development in the field of science and technology. It has brought an archetype shift in the various social processes such as lifestyle. This changing framework is the reason for more challenges. Developing the skills of students in 21st century is challenging and intimidating. Accession of divergent skills and knowledge as well as interdisciplinary approach towards the world are needed to the students to keep in pace with world. The present study discusses and reviews policies like National Curriculum Framework 2005 (NCF 2005) and National Education Policy (NEP 2020) to explore the contribution of Science Education in development of 21st Century Learning Skills which have been recommended with the intent to prepare the learners to face the challenging world.

  16. Dr. Vandana Yadav

    Plasticizers are indispensable class of polymeric compounds which are non-volatile and low molecular weight in nature and are mainly used as an additive in polymer industries (1). The foremost role of these polymeric material is to improve the plasticity or flexibility and processability of various polymers such as PVC. During last few years it is estimated that almost 5 million tones of Plasticizers are produced worldwide. Different types of Plasticizers are used in PVC, EPDM compounding to give better processability. This paper reviews the different classes of Plasticizers used world wide for various applications.

  17. Dr. Preeti Bala and Saru Verma

    The present study was conducted on a sample of 100 Indian students who are pursuing their education at foreign universities. The data was further stratified into male and female as well as graduate and postgraduate students. The study mainly aimed at finding out the socio-emotional differences in Indian students studying abroad with respect to their gender and level of education. The data was collected with the administration of Bell’s adjustment inventory. The careful analysis of data, helped the investigator to infer that there is no significant difference in the social adjustment among Indian students studying abroad with respect to their gender and level of education, But in the case of emotional adjustment, female students were found better than male students. But on the other hand, no significant difference was found in the case of emotional adjustment among Indian students studying abroad with respect to their level of education.

  18. Vinita Tulzapurkar

    Languages are complex in nature and subsume social and cultural elements along with linguistic patterns. They are the access points to knowledge. It is thus that languages form an integral part of learning in the Indian context. Moreover, foreign-languages broaden the perspective and expose learners to new cultures, societies and ways of life. Accordingly, many foreign languages, especially French, are taught in educational institutions across the spectrum. However, it is important to ensure that foreign-language learning puts an emphasis on the communicative and socio-cultural aspects of the language. With an increasing base of users and viewing, media presents a potential for access to global content. This media potential may be exploited in a language classroom to give students an exposure to foreign-languages and to highlight its complex nature. This study explores the role of media in a French-language classroom. Media-based activities were conducted in an undergraduate French classroom which yielded positive results in the form of improvement of student participation and language skills. This study thus defines the scope and role of mediated content as a pedagogical tool for language learning.

  19. Dr. Mahak Gagain, Dr. Prerna Hoogan Teja, Dr. Shruti Mittal and Dr. Gunjan Aneja

    Sterilization in Orthodontics and particularly in the entire dental practice is an important topic which requires special attention because both the patients and the practitioners have a substantial risk of spreading infections like hepatitis B, pneumonia, tuberculosis and HIV. In depth knowledge of sterilization and disinfection is a key component of infection control. Control of infection that spreads through various instruments and armamentarium used in the field of orthodontics and also in the dental practice is of utmost importance to prevent cross- infection. As responsible clinicians, our goals should be to reduce the number of pathogenic organisms to a level at which our own body resistance may prevent infection and to break the circle of infection by eliminating cross- contamination. The present article reviews various recent methods of sterilization for an effective and efficient infection-free orthodontic practice.

  20. Chaudhari, C. V and Dr. Pandya, J. R.

    A study has been conducted at Regional Horticultural Research Station, Vegetable Research Scheme, Aspee College of Horticulture and Forestry Navsari Agricultural University on screening different genotypes/ germplasms against early blight of tomato caused by Alternaria solani. Thirty three genotypes/ germplasms were screened under natural field condition. Among them nine were found highly resistant, fifteen were found resistant, five were found moderately resistant and four genotypes were found susceptible against A. solani. None of the genotypes were found highly susceptible.

  21. Dr. Binal Dave, Dr. Kesavan Naidu and Dr. Mantosh Kumar Singh

    Lipodystrophy is one of the most common and the most undesirable dermatological conditions. Both slim and overweight people can struggle with it. It is possible to fight cellulite with various aquatic therapy techniques. Research goal: Goal of this dissertation is a review of literature about possibilities of aquatic therapy and conventional physiotherapy in lipodystrophy. Conclusion: The appropriate aquatic therapy and conventional physiotherapy methods are necessary to improve the flexibility, appearance and microcirculation in areas affected by lipodystrophy.

  22. Dr. Prarthana Vardhan

    Charles Dickens is considered to be one of the most representative writers of the Victorian age. The Victorian age was an age of peace, prosperity and progress. This age witnessed many drastic and sweeping changes. This age was one of the most remarkable periods in the history of English literature. Victorian age was also known as the age of faith and doubt, the age of friction between science and religion. It was the period of rise of the middle class. Queen Victoria inspired and influenced the people with love, affection and patriotism and the English empire reached to the zenith of progress and prosperity. But, unfortunately, the bright side of this age also had many social evils. Dickens had vividly presented these evils in his works. Dickens was indeed a novelist with a purpose of exposing these evils prevalent in the society and drawing the attention of his readers. As this was the period of industrial revolution, so the workhouse culture became prominent, but the condition of workers became miserable and inhuman. These workers were exploited by their masters and treated in a most callous and apathetic manner. Even the children were exploited and were forced to work in factories and industries in miserable conditions. Charles Dickens, in portraying the sufferings and pathetic condition of children, has excelled any other writer. Dickens was also known as the social reformer and a critic who has exposed the follies of his age in a meticulous way. In almost all his novels, Dickens has addressed the social issues and especially the unhappy childhood of orphans and isolated children. Charles Dickens is one of the most famous writers in English literature. In his novels, he explores the themes of exploitation, corruption, abuse, crime, injustice, inequality, etc. that were probably inspired by his own unhappy childhood. The principal qualities of Dickens as a writer are excellent descriptive power, fascinating humour and poignant pathos and wonderful art of characterization.

  23. Neetu Kushwaha, Ajay Kumar Singh and Madhu Mati Goel

    Background and Objective: Gliomas are the most common central nervous system tumors. Prognostic and predictive markers play an important role in clinical practice for the assessment of prognosis and the selection of appropriate therapy. The aim of this study to assess the immunohistochemistry status of podoplanin and Ki67 in low grade and high grade gliomas and correlating them with histopathological grading, treatment and overall survival of the patients. Material and Methods: This analytical study of the 2 year duration on 150 glial tumor tissue was done which were processed accordingly and grading was done after H &E staining. The scoring of podo was divided into podo score 1: focal staining (0-2) and podo score 2: extensive staining (3-4).The scoring of Ki67 was calculated as Score 1 :< 4%, Score 2 :4-10 & Score 3 :> 10%. Result: Majority of cases having podo score 1 were of low grade glioma while majority of cases with podo score 2 were high grade glioma. Podoplanin and Ki-67 scoring increased with increasing grade of glial tumors. Mean survival duration of cases who received radiotherapy was significantly higher as compared to those who did not receive radiotherapy. Conclusion: Till present date the long term survival of patients suffering from malignant gliomas remains low, which points the need for new independent prognostic factors. In search of this emerging need we found of podoplanin and Ki-67 really promising.

  24. Dr. Anusha, R., Dr. Allwin Christuraj, P. and Dr. Alice Selva, V.

    Yoga is a traditional Indian science that defines a way of life. It is practiced by practitioners using a variety of techniques, including asanas, pranayama, meditation, etc. The type and length of pranayama practices have a significant impact on the physiological reactions that are produced by various pranayama techniques..There is an intimate connection between the breath, nerve currents, and the control of the inner prana, or vital force. Methods: This study was conducted at Sree Ramakrishna Medical College of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences. 30 students have been selected for this research. The aim of the research was explained, and verbal consent was obtained. Result: The SPSS programme version 16.0 was used for the data analysis. It is evident that performing Bhramari pranayama for 10 minutes reduced systolic blood pressure (t9.185, sig 2tailed.000) and diastolic blood pressure (t7.350, sig 2tailed.000), but that the pulse rate increased (t-12.348, sig 2tailed.000) after completing the practice. Conclusion: It can be concluded that pranayama has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular functions and cardiac autonomic activity if practiced for a longer duration. This significant result proved that practice of Bhramari pranayama gives good results in maintaining blood pressure and also reduces the stress levels that we experience in our day to day lives.

  25. Dr. Nandita Gupta, Dr. Himanshu Khandelwal, Dr. Sarita Kumari and Dr. Kanika Thakur

    In the recent time, the demand of complex castings is continuously increasing specially in the field of aerospace, automobile, medical, food industries machinery and machine tool. Investment casting being the most traditional manufacturing process is always the most preferred route for producing complex shape near-net parts. In many complex parts, making the undercuts, channels or passage are the most critical and challenging activity. For such complicated castings, cores are used in preparing the investment molds. In practice, sand core, soluble wax core, urea core, salt core, and ceramic material-based cores are typically used in foundry industry. Among these ceramic gives the best properties compared to any other core materials. Currently varieties of ceramic cores are used in investment casting for different metal and alloys. The properties of final cast part significantly affect by the properties of ceramic core, which directly depends on the various core-composition. Many researchers have made and tested cores with various ceramic compositions; however no published research was found which summarizes them in scientifically. This paper presents a study on various ceramic compositions being used in Investment Casting. The article will be helpful for foundry men in selecting the appropriate composition of ceramic core material based on the part specific requirements.

  26. Marriena Mazumder

    Art is a reflection of the cultural, social and historical contexts in which it emerges. By exploring different cultures, and perspectives, students gain a deeper understanding of global issues, social justice and the role of art in society. Art explores its interpretations and representation. The field of art education has been impacted by the covid-19 pandemic in complex ways. Art educators have been challenged with teaching visual art skills, practices and concepts, to students in virtual classrooms using non-conventional means. Their principal goal has been to provide quality education in the Visual arts for all students. The National Art Education Association provided a wealth of digital resources to support virtual interactions during this time. These resources enabled art educators to successfully address the educational needs of their students. The long-term impact of the pandemic will require research to understand the nature of the impact of the pandemic on education and how educational policy needs to be adjusted to reflect the new-post-pandemic educational landscape. Art and cultural organisations in the region are re-thinking audience engagement through digital approaches as well as continuing to commission artists to create/ inspire new work and we are seeing arts and cultural organisations coming together and creating peer-support groups.

  27. Dr. Shashi Lata Singh

    The present study tries to India is in a unique position of demographic dividend, i.e., it’s ratio of working age population to total population is greater than 50 percent and is expected to remain so will the next two decades. But is India in a position to reap its demographic dividend. On the face of it, India does not appear to be well prepared. To take advantage of an overwhelmingly young population, it is important that it should be healthy, well-educated and adequately skilled. Along with this, employment opportunities should be available. Otherwise, this boon could easily turn into a bane. India ranks very low on HDI index, making it clear that human capital in India is not well equipped. Joblessness, especially among the youth, is at a high. Manufacturing sector in India is not well equipped to provide jobs to the vast number of rural migrants coming to cities in search of jobs. Moreover, there is a skill mismatch. On the one hand well-paying formal jobs are not available to a large segment of employment seekers while on the other hand, vast number of employers complain of poorly skilled manpower available for work. The vocational training institutions like ITIs Score poorly in this regard. Our educational and technical institutions seem to be churning out unemployable youth. This leads to huge amount of resources of nation going to waste. It leads to disappointment and could lead to social strife. So, the skill mismatch needs to be corrected by revising and modernizing curriculum, industry-academia interactions and public private Partnerships in training. Also reskilling of labour whose skills have become redundant due to changes in technology has to be done.

  28. Dr. Binal Dave, Dr. Madhavi Dali and Dr. Rutuja Badade

    Aims: The study investigated the influence of aquatic therapy method–based McKenzie and Williams among patients with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP). Methods: Semi-experimental pre-test and post-test with a control group design trial was conducted at Aqua Centric Private Limited, India. Thirty-eight NSLBP patients (18 men and 20 women, age: 52.5 ± 7 years) were recruited. Aquatic therapy program developed based on McKenzie and Williams therapy was performed individually 3 days per week for 20 sessions. Therefore, the study compared an aquatic therapy group (based on McKenzie and Williams therapy) to a control group. Participants attended an aquatic therapy program under the supervision of an aquatic therapist. The Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and Straight Leg Raise Test (SLRT) were measured at the beginning, middle, and at the end of the 20sessions to determine pain and functionality of the patient’s improvement. Results: Overall, NPRS, RMDQ, and SLRT scores were improved in aquatic therapy group in the 10th session and 20th session compared with baseline (p ≤ 0.001) and control group (p ≤ 0.001). No difference in the treatment variables between the 10thsession and the 20th session was observed (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The results indicated that the NSLBP symptom was improved after 20 sessions of aquatic therapy program developed based on McKenzie and Williams therapy.

  29. Dr. Shashi Lata Singh

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections and regular condom use among female sex workers in Amritsar, Punjab, India. Methods: The study, conducted from 1st January 2020 to 31st March 2021, included 180 female sex workers from 4 hotspots under targeted intervention site in Amritsar city (Punjab, India), The data was collected using one-to-one interview on structured questionnaire. The data was compiled and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and EpiInfo07 by calculating proportions and inferential statistics. Results: 72% of female sex workers were regular condom users. Regular condom use with clients was 33% among those engaged for > 5 years. 19% had reported at least one episode of sexually transmitted infection of which 89% were irregular condom users. None of those in the profession for 1-3 years suffered from STIs as compared to 73% of those who were in the profession for more than 5 years. Conclusion: The prevalence of sexually transmitted infections was significantly higher among irregular condom users. Duration of profession had significant association with sexually transmitted infection and regular condom use.

  30. K.R.M. Swamy

    Mung bean belongs to the Family Faboideae , Subfamily Faboideae , Genus Vigna and Species Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek. The Vigna species grow in warm temperate and tropical regions globally. Vigna is most closely related to Phaseolus, hence Asia Vigna (sub¬genus Ceratotropis) was treated as Phaseolus until 1970. Mungbean (Vigna radiata) cultivation spread to all hot and warm Asian countries in ancient times, hence considerable diversification is recog¬nized. Mung bean belonging to the subgenus Ceratotropis is a diploid species with 2n = 2x = 22 chromosomes. The mung bean is commonly named as Mung bean, mung bean, moong bean, mash, golden gram, moong, Chickasaw, Oregon pea, and chop suey bean, chickasano pea, chiroko or simply mung, celera bean, Jerusalem pea and green gram. These species encompass small herbs to large tropical canopy trees and grow well in the humid tropics, temperate zones, high land, low land and arid zones. This legumes have a strategic position in Southeast Asian countries for nutritional security and sustainable crop production. Originating in India as early as 1500 BCE, the mung bean has historically been grown in warmer climates, able to thrive in tropical areas with little rainfall, though ideally a rainy season plant. There is also evidence that the green gram spread to China and Southeast Asia as early as 3000 years ago, known there as nga choi. Having been harvested in regions where many European powers had colonial outposts, green gram was likely exported to Europe for consumption. Worldwide, this crop is of minor importance with restricted geographical distribution, and has cautiously been subjected to detailed and intensive genetic and cytogenetic investigations. The dried grains of mung bean can be split or eaten whole after cooking and made into a soup or dhal. The iron availability in mung bean improves substantially to 7.2–11.3% through cooking practices such as soaking, fermenting and sprouting. Mung bean is also widely relished as sprouts. The germinated grains have higher nutritional value as compared with asparagus or mushroom. Green pods and seeds can be cooked as vegetables. These pulses are frequently fed to children, convalescents and geriatrics or used when “breaking” a long fasting period owing to their ease of digestibility. The haulms are used for fodder and the beans husks and small broken pieces are useful as a feed concentrate. The crops are also grown for hay, green manure and cover crop. Mung bean makes better hay than urad bean as the stems and leaves are less hairy. One hundred gram dry mung bean contains: protein 22 g and carbohydrate 60 g. It is a good source of minerals, provitamin A and vitamin B-complex. The seeds are aphrodisiac, tonic, appetiser, diuretic, good for heart and fatigue and used in paralysis, rheumatism and affections of nervous system. Generally, it is used for its antipyretic, antiscorbutic, diuretic, antidote, antihypertensive and anticancer properties. It has also been recommended for ache, heat, high blood pressure and inflammation. Seeds of this edible legume are used either raw or in cooked form at matured poultice because of its curative potential for polyneuritis. Seeds of mung beans are used to treat alcoholism also. These crops have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen (58–109 kg per ha in kg per ha mung bean) in symbiotic association with Rhizobium bacteria, which enables them to meet their own nitrogen requirement and also benefit the succeeding crops. Mung bean production is mainly (90%) situated in Asia: India is the largest producer with more than 50% of world production but consumes almost its entire production. China produces large amounts of mung beans, which represents 19% of its legume production. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of mung bean are discussed.

  31. Haseera Muneer, N., Baskaran, K., Shalet Varghese, Nirmala Devi, N., Arifa P.P. and Kalaiarasi, K.

    Such criticism, however, often ignores the fact that nature itself is a skilled nanotechnologist, with many examples of common Nano-materials literally emanating from natural sources, such as volcanoes and mineral springs, but also, in particular, the living organisms. Despite the fact that bioavailability of weighty metals contained in Nano-particles can be lower than those present in solvent structure, the poisonousness coming about because of their characteristic nature (for example their size, shape or thickness) might be critical. A way to deal with the treatment of Nano-waste requires comprehension of every one of its properties synthetic, yet additionally physical and natural. Progress in Nano-waste the executives additionally requires investigations of the natural effect of the new materials. This writing survey examines explicit issues connected with treatment of waste containing Nano-materials. The points are (1) to feature issues connected with uncontrolled arrival of Nano-particles to the climate through garbage removal, and (2) to present the subjects of Nano-waste and Nano-toxicology to the waste administration local area. Despite the fact that bioavailability of weighty metals contained in Nano-particles can be lower than those present in solvent structure, the poisonousness coming about because of their characteristic nature (for example their size, shape or thickness) might be critical. A way to deal with the treatment of Nano-waste requires comprehension of every one of its properties-synthetic, yet additionally physical and natural.

  32. Dr. Neeta Lal and Betul Sudharm

    A herbaceous plant, Carica papaya belonging to caricaceae family is well known for its nutraceutical properties. It is grown all the tropical regions .Papaya fruit is consumed by the humans in daily diet due to its medicinal and therapeutic properties .Each and every part of the plant has been depicted with some unique biochemical properties including leaves ,peels ,fruits, bark and even roots. The aim of the present review article is to enlist the miraculous properties of the seeds present inside the fruit The paper provides detailed information on the different properties of Carica papaya seed extract The seed powder extract have been found to be rich in proteins ,minerals ,essential oils along with various phytoconstituents which may be responsible for many ethno medicinal properties .

  33. Dhananjay Ray and Dr. Jayanta Kumar Barman

    The ‘Dhol’ or Drum is a percussion instrument of Rajbanshis. It is known as ‘Deshi Dhol’ by the people in the region of Lower Assam and the Northern part of Bengal. It’s a unique indigenous and old percussion instrument of India as well as of all over the Asia. As per the socio-cultural overview, we can say that it had been playing a very important role since ancient time in this society specially in marriage ceremony, puja-parban, as well as Rajbanshi folk festivals. It also used in countless folk genres, devotional traditions and family functions. But sadly, now a day’s children are not interested to play or learn about ‘Deshi Dhol’ because they do not get the proper formula i.e Bols-Bani- taal which is not available in our region. That’s why it is very important to create the syllabus for the children in schools and colleges to learn and play of ‘Deshi Dhol’. Finally, we need to collect the Bol-Bani of ‘Deshi Dhol’ as a diploma course. We have to preserve the traditional one and to preserve new things to make a bridge. In the view of my research, we need to publish a hand book for the new generation how to play ‘Deshi Dhol’ so that they will take part as student. I hope to introduce the ‘Deshi Dhol’ everywhere.

  34. Jithin Jenner, E.G., and Dr. Noble Jebakumar, A.

    Elements of horror like curses, witchcraft, etc. which are used in literature or a movie are said to be Gothic literature or Gothic movie. The movie “Silent Hill” is directed by Christophe Gans’, who is specialized in Gothic movies. His other movies are Crying Freeman and Brotherhood of the Wolf. The film portrays the life of a child named Sharon who walks at night uttering Silent Hill. So, her mother, Rose, the heroin takes her to the town of Silent Hill. When they arrive there, their car encounters an accident knocking out Rose. When Rose awakes, she finds that Sharon is missing. While searching for her daughter, she fights with a local cult and zombies. Then she discovers the past connection of Sharon with the town and finds out that Sharon’s soul is only half of a local girl named Alessa, whose other half is hovering in that town for redemption. The movie ends with the redemption of Alessa’s soul. Through this article, the researcher uses Biblical themes to bring the redemption of Alessa’s soul concerning Christophe Gans’ “Silent Hill”.

  35. Patrícia Diogo and Manuel Diogo

    In the Union of the Parishes of Peratfita, Lavra and Santa Cruz do Bispo, in the Municipality of Matosinhos, Portugal, located in the sea coast of North of Portugal territory, we investigate the different poles of the territorial system exploring interdisciplinary approaches related to the formation of rural settlements and establish the relationship between the most important architectural structures in terms of vernacular heritage and its influence on the identity of the places and their development process. Connecting these main thems our research aims to deepen scientific knowledge about the fishing settlements located on the boarder line provided bu the sea line and the rural settlements delimited by the plow wake that once furrowed the land with resilient particularities achieved in an unique and shared ambience because we will support the investigation in this “living lab” and reply the research on similar large-scale environments on Earth.

  36. Dr. Khushbu Naik and Dr. Maitri Solanki

    Background: Human balance is a complex motor task. Its maintenance is essential in accomplishing daily tasks. The aging process and the chronic diseases that affect older adults lead to serious balance disorders, thus making such individuals more susceptible to falls. Physical mobility testing is an essential component of the geriatric Assessment .The BBS & POMA test measures basic mobility skills including a sequence of Functional manoeuvres used in everyday life. Method: 64 community-dwelling older adults with the age group of above 60 were selected on basis of inclusion & exclusion criteria from different old age homes in surat .Balance is assessed by BBS & POMA while mobility is assessed by POMA. Result: Data analysed by using t-test and pearson correlation which showed that there were significant difference of POMA scale and no significant difference of BBS between the groups with or without history of falls. Conclusion: The older adults with a history of falls performed poorly in the functional balance evaluation compared to those with no history of falls. These data demonstrate the importance of the balance tests in clinical practice as screening tools for older adults who are more susceptible to falls.

  37. Dr. Vikas Kumar Jaiswal

    Information asymmetry is a critical phenomenon in financial markets that arises when one party possesses more or better information than another during a transaction. This paper delves into the causes, consequences, and mitigation strategies related to information asymmetry in financial markets. Understanding this concept is crucial, as it affects market efficiency, risk management, and investor confidence. The paper begins by defining information asymmetry in financial contexts and outlining its significance. It explores the various reasons behind information disparities, such as unequal access to data, adverse selection, and moral hazard. Additionally, the role of insider trading and its impact on information availability is examined. The consequences of information asymmetry are far-reaching. Inefficient allocation of capital and resources, heightened market volatility, and potential negative effects on investor confidence and market stability are some of the outcomes explored in this paper. The analysis includes real-world case studies and historical events that exemplify the influence of information asymmetry. To mitigate information asymmetry, the paper investigates several strategies. It delves into regulatory measures and disclosure requirements aimed at increasing transparency. The role of credit rating agencies, auditors, and advancements in technology and data analytics to improve information dissemination are also examined. The paper goes on to discuss the behavioural aspects of information asymmetry, analysing how investors' decision-making is influenced by information disparities and the implications of behavioural biases on financial outcomes. In considering the future outlook, the paper predicts trends related to information asymmetry in financial markets and addresses the ongoing challenges in effectively managing this phenomenon. Overall, this paper emphasizes the importance of addressing information asymmetry in financial markets and offers insights into strategies to reduce its impact. By understanding information asymmetry, policymakers, market participants, and investors can work towards fostering more transparent, stable, and efficient financial systems.

  38. Dr. Binal Dave and Dr. Madhavi Dali

    Background: Pelvic floor dyssynergia is an inability to relax the pelvic floor muscles during defecation. Successful defecation requires increased intra‐abdominal pressure combined with relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles. An inability to coordinate this action often results in chronic constipation, painful bowel movements, and excessive straining. The purpose of the case report is to describe the successful pelvic floor physiotherapy treatment of a patient with long‐standing constipation caused by pelvic floor dyssynergia. Study Design: This is a case report revealing the pelvic floor physiotherapy interventions used to treat the patient, the outcome of the treatment, and discussion and implications for current and future pelvic floor physiotherapy management of constipation caused by pelvic floor dyssynergia. Case Description: The patient was 38 years female complaining of chronic constipation existing since 15 years. The pelvic floor physiotherapy interventions included neuromuscular re‐education using electromyographic biofeedback, tactile biofeedback, and instruction regarding coordination of abdominal muscle contraction for increased intra‐abdominal pressure combined with pelvic floor muscle relaxation. Outcomes: The patient attended 10 pelvic floor physiotherapy sessions over a 8‐week time frame followed by 2 phone consultations. At time of discharge the patient was having normal bowel movements 80% of the time, was not using laxatives or enemas, reported no pain with bowel movements, improved his Obstructed Defecation Syndrome Score by 11 points and had returned to work. Discussion: This case report discusses the pelvic floor physiotherapy management of a man with pelvic floor dyssynergia causing chronic constipation. Interventions included biofeedback therapy and muscle retraining resulting in normal defecation.

  39. Hossein Bahari, Iman Dianat, Seyed Ali Hossein Zahraei

    Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has emerged as a promising treatment option for patients with moderate to advanced glaucoma. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MIGS procedures in this patient population. A comprehensive search was conducted in major electronic databases for relevant studies published between January 2000 and December 2022. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria, comprising a total of 1,754 patients with moderate to advanced glaucoma who underwent MIGS procedures. The pooled success rate of MIGS procedures was 78.6% (95% CI: 73.8% to 83.1%), and the pooled mean intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction was 4.4 mmHg (95% CI: 3.7 to 5.1 mmHg). The incidence of adverse events was low, with a pooled rate of 7.9% (95% CI: 6.2% to 10.1%). In conclusion, MIGS procedures appear to be a safe and effective treatment option for patients with moderate to advanced glaucoma. Further studies are needed to compare the efficacy and safety of different MIGS procedures and to determine the optimal patient selection criteria for these procedures.

  40. Dra. Flérida Moreno Alcaraz

    This paper is an educational research’s preview completed with the students from the Bachelor of Ciencias de la Educacion (Bachelor of Science in Education, LCE) from Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa (Autonomous University of Sinaloa, UAS). It uses the action-research method and a pedagogical intervention approach through teaching and learning strategies, which address the needs of training students in pedagogical skills as future teachers. This research tries to formalize the concern about the projection that students forge from the entrance to this educational program, about a professional profile that is not being completely fulfilled and how the change of said perspective evolves as the training process progresses. To achieve this, strategic teaching and learning activities were carried out from various didactic-pedagogical competences and systematization of results.

  41. KSS Pranav

    Child employment lead to physical, emotional or sexual assault, restricted regions, working with hazardous machinery, working with hazardous materials and working with enhanced timeliness which further lead to Social inequality, exclusion, child labour, under age children, Crime, Social problem, Human Right Violation and injustice across the country which is becoming a hurdle for the growth of the youth of the country

  42. Snehasis Bhunia, Hira Kant Singh, Oindrila Bhuniya, Pankaj Kumar Rai and Rajshree Gupta

    Background/Aims: Arterial stiffness index (ASI) is significantly reduced after physical exercise or after Yoga activities. However, the effect of integrated yoga therapy (IAYT) for longer duration, using PC based cardiovascular analyzer & PPG analysis system on non-invasive cardiovascular responses such as arterial stiffness index or ankle brachial index (ABI) are not yet reported. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of IAYT for a longer duration on noninvasive cardiovascular responses including arterial stiffness index in both young and older malesresiding in rural areas. Methodology: A total of 20 male subjects were included in the study. All healthy participants were divided into two groups (A&B) based on their age. There were 10 participants in group A considered as young aged below 40 years, 10 old adults aged above 60 years were included in group B. All participants in group A & B were accepted and recorded all non- invasive cardiovascular parameters as experimental control (group C). A 6-weeks integrated approach of yoga therapy (IAYT) was given as an intervention to the participants come under group A & B. The PC based cardiovascular analyzer and PC based PPG analysis system were used to record almost all cardiovascular parameters signifying the status of arterial stiffness index and ankle brachial index at the beginning and end of the yoga program. The arterial stiffness index (ASI) and reflection index (RI) were computed from the pulse data. The data were analyzed using the paired-samples t test. Results: There was a significant reduction in Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV), ASI (P < 0.05) and no significant alterations (P>0.05) on ABI after IAYT for 6-weeks of IAYT in young and old participants. There was non-significant reduction in BMI after IAYT in healthy young and older adults, but the ASI was more significantly low (P<0.01) in young adults. There were no significant changes in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) and Pulse Pressure (PP) after IAYT for 6 weeks. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that IAYT offered was more effective than Yoga or brisk-walk separately in reducing ASI. This could be due to reducing sympathetic activity and improved endothelial function with enhancement in bioavailability of NO, which would be less effective in aged individuals. The age-related endothelial dysfunction associated with decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator, contributes to vascular stiffness would not be ruled out. The life-style modalities in IAYT must be considered as a prime candidate to reduce cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

  43. Dr. Pradnya V. Bansode, Dr. M. B. Wavdhane, Dr. Seema D. Pathak and Dr. Swetha Kannamparambil

    Traumatic injuries to young permanent teeth result in pulpal inflammation or necrosis & subsequent incomplete development of dentinal wall & root apices. Immature teeth that have lost substantial amount of crown structure and have wide root canals with weak root dentinal walls and thin radicular dentin are difficult to restore both esthetically & functionally. An apical barrier is necessary in such cases to facilitate proper endodontic treatment. Apexification using MTA can provide a good apical seal. The use of Biological Dentin Post can be considered as a novel alternative technique for the management of such cases. Biological post obtained through extracted teeth from another individual-represent a low-cost option for the morpho-functional recovery and intra-radicular rehabilitation of extensively damaged anterior teeth. This case report addresses the management fractured maxillary central incisors with open apices.

  44. Swamy, K.R.M.

    Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] belongs to the genus-Cajanus, subtribe-Cajaninae, tribe-Phaseoleae, order-Fabales,family-Fabaceae and sub-family Faboideae. There are two types of pigeon pea viz., 1) Cajanus cajan variety bicolor:- the colour of the flower of this variety is yellow, the plant is bushy and tall, pods are of dark colour which contains approx four to five seeds, we do its cultivation all over the world and 2) Cajanus cajan variety flavus:- the color of the flower of this variety is also yellow as compared to variety bicolor the size of the plant is small, the pod also contain only two to three seeds, but this is an early maturing variety so it is cultivated more, it is also cultivated all over the world. The name pigeonpea was first used in Barbados where pigeon were fed the seeds of Cajanus cajan . Red gram (Cajanus cajan L.) belonging to Leguminosae family has several species that vary in height, habit, maturation period, colour, size, and form of pods and seeds. In India the plant is known by various different names such as; Assamese: arahar,• Bengali: arahar, mirai-maha, • Gujarati: tuver, • Hindi: arhar, tuvar, • Kannada: togari bele, togari kalu, • Konkani: tori, • Malayalam: adhaki, tuvara, • Manipuri: mairongbi, • Marathi: tur, • Oriya: har-har, kakshi, tubara, • Punjabi: dinger, • Tamil: adhaki, iruppuli, kaycci), and tuvarai, • Telugu: adhaki, kandi, togari, tuvaramu, and in Urdu: اarhar, tuar. The centre of origin is the eastern part of peninsular India, including the state of Orissa, where the closest wild relatives occur. Pigeonpea being a leguminous plant is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen and thereby restore lot of nitrogen in the soil. Every Red gram plant is a mini-fertilizer factory as the crop has unique characteristics of restoring and maintaining soil fertility through fixing atmospheric nitrogen in symbiotic association with Rhizobium bacteria present in the root nodules. Red gram has a deep root system, and it extracts minerals, nutrients, moisture from the deep soil. In this process, it breaks the hardpans of the soil, which is helpful in improving the structural condition of the soil. Red gram is also useful for preventing soil from erosion. Nowadays, it is a major problem. It encourages the moment of water in the soil. Red gram is a very important source of protein, iron, iodine & some essential amino acids like lysine, tyrosine, cystine, protein percentage in red gram is approx 22.3% so we know it as a rich source of protein, it is consumed as dal and also used for preparing curries. We use the sweet green pod as a vegetable. Red gram crop is suitable for inter-cropping, with different crops (Cotton, Sorghum, Pearl millet, Green gram, Black gram, Maize, Soybean, Groundnut) for increasing production and maintaining soil fertility. It is an important pulse crop which is mainly grown in developing countries of the world. In India, red gram is widely cultivated and accounts for 15 to 20 per cent of the pulse production in the country. Globally, India is the largest producer and consumer of red gram. In India arhar is mostly grown in the states of UP, MP, Maharashtra, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Rajasthan, HP, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala. However, the major area is restricted to north Indian states. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Pigeonpea are discussed.

  45. Dr. Renu Bala Sroa, Dr. Baljeet Kumar, Dr. Parul Chauhan, Dr. Harshveer Kaur and Dr. Mamta Katal

    Background: The technological improvements in adhesive dentistry have led to development of ultra-rapid photopolymerizing bulkfill which can be cured in 3 or 5 seconds of intense light irradiation and upto 4 mm increments. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical performance of bulkfill composite (Tetric PowerFill) and nanocomposite (Tetric N Ceram nanohybrid) using Single Bond Universal adhesive in Class II cavities. Materials and Methods: Forty permanent maxillary and mandibular molars were selected in patients and divided into two groups: Group I (n=20) restored with incremental-fill Tetric N Ceram nanohybrid and Group II (n= 20) restored with bulkfill Tetric PowerFill in Class II followed by evaluation at 3, 6 and 9 months according to Modified USPHS criteria for colour match, marginal discoloration, surface texture, anatomic form, marginal integrity, loss/fracture of restoration and secondary caries. Data was analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: Group II as regard color match, marginal discoloration, marginal integrity, surface texture and anatomic contour performed somewhat better than Group I. However, statistically no significant difference was found between Group I and Group II (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, clinical performance of ultra-rapid photo polymerized bulk fill composite, Tetric Power Fill at 9 month was comparable to Tetric N Ceram nanohybrid in Class II restorations.

  46. Agu, Everistus Ogadimma

    Agricultural sector has been tipped to take over oil sector in driving the economy of Nigeria. The quest to tackle the problems bedeviling the agricultural sector and help Nigeria get out of the recurrent recessions occasioned by over dependence on oil revenue, necessitated the launch of the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) in 2015. In the light of this, the study aims examining the accessibility of the Anchor Borrowers Programme funds by the small farm holders and ascertained if the Anchor Borrowers Programme has stimulated the production of agricultural commodities among small farm holders. In this study, we have a total of two hundred and seventy five (275) people as the population, which consists of the entire staff of the selected Deposit Money Banks (DMBs); the selected Microfinance Banks (MFBs); the staff of NIRSAL in Umuahia and the selected small holder farmers. However we used the Godden (2004) sample size determination formula and arrived at a sample size of one hundred and ninety-seven (197). Bowley’s proportional allocation formula was used to allocate the determined sample size to the different groups of financial institutions and the small holder farmers. The study adopted the Z-test analytical technique and found that the unfriendliness of the staff of the bank contributes largely to the impediments encountered by small holder farmers in accessing the fund available by the ABP. The study further revealed that ABP sharing of improved farm inputs is next the factor that stimulates production of agricultural commodities in Nigeria. The implication of this result is that even though accessing the funds from the bank is not easy, the efforts of extension workers and other experts has been encouraging in stimulating agricultural commodities among the small farm holders.

  47. Mohammed Jahedul Islam, Mithila Chakraborty and Mohammad Noim Uddin

    Introduction: Eye problems or visual impairment is now a major public health focus all over the world as the effects of these eye problems The main purpose of the study is to look into the epidemiological traits and potential for the people who visited the tertiary care (OPD) of certain hospitals' ophthalmology departments about their concern as well as the thought of experiencing common eye disorders. The study will explore the knowledge, awareness and occurrence level of the participants regarding common eye problems. Aim of the Study: To look into the epidemiological traits and potential for the people who visited the OPD of certain hospitals' ophthalmology departments about their concern as well as the thought of experiencing common eye disorders. Methodology: A cross sectional study has been done with 300 participants from Cox’s Bazar City. Random sampling method has been used in this study. Results & Discussions: The analysis of the study shows that about half the participants have been diagnosed with different eye problems where cataract and refractive error was found the most prominent eye disease. The knowledge level of the participants was found significantly associated with their socio demographic status. Almost all of the participants have determined that eye problems are 100% curable with drug management and they are aware about these problems. Conclusion & Recommendation: The study recommends that further research should be conducted to explore the magnitude, severity and challenges of these eye problems in their daily life.

  48. Shyji, K. and Dr. Reena Evency, A.

    A quasi experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of deep neck flexor muscle strengthening exercise versus neck stretching exercise on neck pain among adolescents. The study adopted a quasi-experimental research design, preintervention and post-intervention assessments were carried out using the revised Oswestry neck pain questionnaire. The participants for study group I and study group II were selected using a simple random technique, with 30 participants in each group. An unpaired "t" test was performed, and the obtained value was 3.52, which was significant at p≤ 0.01. The mean value for study group I was 24.60, while for the Study group II, it was 30.90. These results indicated that deep neck flexor muscle strengthening exercises were more effective in relieving neck pain.

  49. Yannick Bienge Nsenga, Déogratias Kasongo Nkulu, Papy Umba Ngandu, Longwa Mapume Kazumba, Eric Muba Wa Umba, Pierre Valentin Kyalwe Kayumba, Gaetan Kabongo Muzinga, Bruno Muteba Makonga Popopo, Ruben Kayumba wa Nsenga et Joe Kabamba Dibwe

    Cesdernièresannées dans notre pays et dans notre région beaucoup d’efforts ont été fournis dans la santé de la reproduction, tous les décès maternels devant être notifiés et revus par la surveillance de décès maternels et riposte.il y a eu augmentation de la proportion des femmes enceintes qui suivent les Consultations Prénatales, augmentation du taux des accouchements assistés par personnel qualifié et formations des Prestataires dans les Soins Obstétricaux et Néonataux d’Urgence de base et Soins Obstétricaux et Néonataux d’Urgence de Complément, pour voir à la baisse les cas de décès maternels évitables. Malheureusement le taux de décès maternel reste préoccupant et on assiste de plus en plus àune morbi-mortalitéélevée des femmes référées par rapport aux femmes non référées et à une perte des femmes dans le système de santé lors de leur parcours. Au cours de 30 derniers mois nous avons connu 95 cas de décès maternel, ces cas ayant bénéficié d’une prise en charge à l’Hôpital Général de Référence et d’autres apportés morts. Nous nous sommes focalisés sur 3 cas, 2 de décès maternel et 1 de fistule pour leur particularité (parcours) et pour illustrer cette morbi-mortalitéliée au système de santé. Problèmes majeurs rencontrés : retard de référence, absence de communication avec les familles des parturientes, absence des moyens de communication téléphonique et des moyens de transport approprié et fonctionnel, interventionnisme des prestataires du premier échelon, manque de banque de sang fonctionnelle. Cet article dépeint nos difficultés dans la pratique et propose avec une revue de la littérature les suggestions pour l’amélioration du système de santé et de la prise en charge des femmes pour leurs problèmesobstétricaux. Cependant des études supplémentaires seront nécessaires pour cerner tout le problème en rapport avec le décès maternel et le système de santé, l’utilisation ou la non-utilisation de ce système, les facteurs associés, les systèmes parallèles et leurs apports.

  50. Mignini EV., Giambenedetti M., Lunetti, S., Campelli, N., Nicolai, G. and Taus, M.

    Polyphenols are natural, ubiquitous compounds abundant in food and beverages derived from plants, vegetables and fruits. Diets rich in polyphenols have a well-known association with reduction of several disease owing to their anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and vasculoprotective properties. Phenolic compounds exerts their action on different pro-inflammatory pathways, like the acid arachidonic pathway, the NF-κB pathway and MAPK pathway just to mention some. Since inflammatory bowel disease share similar signaling basis with other inflammatory processes, an increasing number of studies start to focus on possible role of polyphenols in the prevention and treatment of these pathological conditions. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic disorders whose real etiopathogenesis is still not completely understood. This paper focus on the potential of polyphenols for treating IBD, with an emphasis on cellular mechanisms and pharmacological aspects.





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Dr. Swamy KRM
Dr. Abdul Hannan A.M.S
Saudi Arabia.
Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari