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Assessment of knowledge about bronchial asthma and affecting factors among primary school teachers in Sabya City, Saudi Arabia 2017

Author: 
Mohammed M. Thafarani, Dr. Abulrhman Mohammed Salim, Hssan A. Suwaydi, Noor M. Kharazi, Attah Ahwas, Hafiz Syed, Osama A. Harbi, Ali Shubaili, Hussain Y. Rayani and Seham A. Habeeb
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Background: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among children, which has a high prevalence in Saudi Arabia. The assessment of knowledge about asthma among schoolteachers is important to provide early diagnosis for students who suspected to have bronchial asthma. Objectives: To assess the knowledge of teachers working at primary schools about bronchial asthma among school students. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random representative sample of primary school teachers in Sabya city, Saudi Arabia. Multstage sampling technique was adopted. A structured self-distribution questionnaire was applied to collect the study data. Results: with response rate91.2% of study population 393 responded .All were Saudis half of them (50.6%) were males. 42.7% of them their age ranged between 40 and 49 yearsMajority of the teachers knew that parental smoking may make the child`s asthma worse (85.7%) and children with asthma have abnormally sensitive air passages in their lungs (85.5%). However, only 18.8% of them could recognize that coughing, wheezing and shortness of breathing are the three main symptoms of asthma. Only 11% of teachers knew that Ventolin doesn`t damage the heart and 13.8% could recognize all the asthma triggers. Majority of teachers did not know the possible reason for failure of a medicine to relieve the symptoms of an acute attach of asthma (95.2%) as well as the ways that can prevent attacks of asthma during exercise (86.5%). The highest level of knowledge was concerning general knowledge subscale (47.5%) the lowest was concerning acute attack recognition, triggers, and management (18.8%). The overall Newcastle asthma knowledge score was 31.9%). Teachers with personal or family history of asthma were more knowledgeable. Conclusion: The knowledge of primary school teachers in Sabya city regarding bronchial asthma among children is overall suboptimal, particularly regarding recognition, triggers, and management of acute attack of asthma. Frequent false myths and beliefs were identified among them.

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