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Combined effect of acupuncture and head massage on tension type headache among adults

Author: 
Parameshwara, M. N., Lakshmeesha, D.R. and Vanitha Shetty
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) have been used as corrective treatments for ailments including chronic pain and psychopathological conditions. Acupuncture and massage therapies are used for tension-type headache prophylaxis as well as treatment. Aims and objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the value of a structured acupuncture and head massage therapy program, in order to improve their quality of life by reducing their headache pain and to improve sleep with standard protocol for tension-type headache sufferers. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 tension type headache subjects aged 18-26 years were screened and after filling inclusion criteria as well as diagnostic criteria (International Headache Society criteria) 30 subjects were recruited to the study. Pre assessments were, made before the treatment. Acupuncture and Standard head massage was, given for the duration of 30 minutes each for 7 days. Post assessments were, made after 7 days of the treatment. All the details of the study were, explained and informed consent was, obtained from the subjects. Results: Values from PDI, VAS and headache diary recordings, significant differences were detected in headache. Subjects reported that there is a greater improvement in their sleep quality by reducing headache pain (p ˂0.047) intensity and duration for combined effect of acupuncture and head massage. Post analysis indicated sleep quality was improved from baseline (p ˂0.001), there was decrease in PDI (p ˂0.001) also reduction in headache intensity and duration for the combined effect of head massage and acupuncture. Conclusion: Acupuncture and head massage is effective for the treatment of tension type headache. Significant differences has been found before and after the treatment. Hence combining both massage and acupuncture plays a significant role in treating tension headache.

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