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Depression, Anxiety and Stress among HIV Patients in East Coast Malaysia

Author: 
Azwanis Binti Abdul Hadi, Nur Syuhada Binti Mohd Mustapha, Nur Farhana Binti Ahmad Hafidzi, Nur Sahira Binti Shaari, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Iskandar Firzada Osman, Mohd Daud Bin Che Yusof
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: HIV infection is a chronic disease with multiple challenges that could affect the psychological well-being of patients. Objective: The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among HIV patients and its significant associated factors. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study which was carried out in two health centers in a town in the East Coast of peninsular Malaysia. A total of 42 patients with HIV were recruited via convenience sampling. Those who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria completed a validated set of Malay version of DASS-21 questionnaire. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics. Results: The prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among adult HIV patients in community follow-up were 33.3%, 28.6% and 21.4% respectively. Marital status was significantly associated with both depression and stress. While CD4 count was found to be significantly associated with anxiety.

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