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The effect of aerobic training on body perception

Author: 
Yusuf, ER and Adem CİVAN
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

The aim of this study was to examine the effect on body image of the 8-week training aerobic. 57 women whose mean age is 22,10 ± 3,8 years, mean height 1,67 ± 0,04 m. and an mean weight is 55,88 ± 4,58 kg have participated as experimental group. 45 women whose mean age is years, 20,71 ± 1,52 mean height is 1,65 ± 0,05 m. and an mean weight is 66,57 ± 9,92 kg have participated in the study as a control group. In the experimental group, have the women make aerobic training three days per week for 8 weeks, participants in the control group continued to operate normally. Pretest and posttest questionnaire forms were applied to both groups. The aerobic training consists of a total of 9 moves (back flip, half sit-ups, two foot pulling, leg lifts, buttock lifting, single-leg draw, above the elbow, arm extension, leg extension and back tension) which is consist of formed cushion movement. The study began with a 20 minute warm-up. Movements were performed in 3 sets as 3x10. Each set lasted 30 minutes. 5 minutes active rest has been applied between sets. To determine the levels of body image of the women participating in the study, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (The Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire- MBSRQ) "has been used.Statistically significant difference (P <0,05) between pre-test and post-test score of experimentel group has been determined when it has been compared in terms of training groups of the pretest-posttest scores, appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, evaluation of physical competence, physical competence orientation, health assessment, health orientation and total score. On the other hand, no statistically significant difference (P>0,05) has been determined when satisfaction subscale has been compared in terms of pre-test and post-test scores of experimental group. However, comparison of body image pre-test and post-test scores in terms of control group, appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, evaluation of physical competence, physical competence orientation, health assessment, health orientation, physical space to the satisfaction and total score in terms of the control group pre - test scores and no statistically significant difference between the post-test scores has been found (P> 0,05). As a result, aerobic exercise has been considered to have a positive impact on the body image, the exercise that women made contribute to their physical appearance, health, life satisfaction, physical sense and physical efficacy can be stated.

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