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Impact of anti-oxidant rich diet in residual ridge resorption: a population based study of the food habits for the residents of manipur (North East) and their prosthetic management and rehabilitation

Author: 
Arunoday Kumar, Dharmendra Kumar Sinha, Ashish Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Barun Kant and Shishir Kumar
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the RRR in terms of Height, width and inter-arch space for men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet. This study also aimed to evaluate the relative percentage of RRR after 6 months of tooth extraction in men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 edentulous patients (30 male and 30 female) with age range of 50-60 years were included in this clinical trial which was completed in four phases (clinical and radiographic diagnosis, surgical extraction of grade III mobile teeth, OPG on the day of extraction and bone level measurement phase, OPG in the 6th month after extraction and bone level measurement phase). The eligible patients were randomly allocated in two equivalent groups of 30 participants each per group. The allocation was in 1:1 ratio via randomized chit method. Group I included the case group, that is patients on anti-oxidant rich diet, and Group II included the control group, that is anti-oxidant deficient diet. A total of 60 conventional complete denture were fabricated and delivered one month after extraction and were divided into Group I and Group II in the ratio 1:1. Digital OPG were used for measuring the bone level in terms of height, and bone mapping to know the width and inter-arch space was measured at mandibular 1st molar area immediately after extraction and in the 6th month of follow up after tooth extraction and data was collected. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that in Men and women on Antioxidant Rich diet, there was not much of significant difference in the Residual alveolar ridge resorption when compaired between the 1st day and 6th month of edentulism (p> 0.05) whereas Residual alveolar ridge resorption was significant (p< 0.05) for the Men and women on Antioxidant Deficient diet. Residual Aveolar Ridge Resorption in Men and Women after 40 years of age is minimal, because of their high antioxidant rich diet (beta carotene and ellagic acid) which prevents alveolar bone resorption and promotes bone remodelling after tooth extraction. Women though on menopause after 40 years of age, the Residual Ridge Resorption was minimal because of their antioxidant rich diet and Vice versa. Statistical analysis also revealed that there was not much of significant difference in the percentage of ridge resorption (in the 6th month of edentulism) when compared in Male and Female patients of Manipur (p> 0.05). Both sexes reacted equally to the Residual Ridge Resorption.

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