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The impacts of fake news on peace and development in the world: the case study of ethiopia

Author: 
Dr. Kiros Abeselom
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The author of this Paper has reviewed and analyzed purposively selected reports of mass media (“mainstream media”), i.e. electronic and print media, especially in the Western world, for instance in Germany concerning the unrest insome towns of Oromia and Amhara Regional States of Ethiopia in autumn 2016.However, the question is, what happened really in Ethiopia on the ground during the unrest in Ethiopia in autumn 2016? The news about the unrest in Ethiopia in autumn 2016 was manipulated, i. e. it was fake news. But what is fake news? Fake news means false news, lie, deceive, cheating, illusion, misleading, dummy, simulation, fabrication, manipulation and propaganda. Therefore, according to this definition of fake news, the reports about the unrest in some towns of Oromia and Amhara Regional States of Ethiopia in autumn 2016were propaganda because the fact was very small but the reports in the news were exaggerated. For example, in terms of the number of people who were involved and/or in terms of the regions which were affected by the unrest in some towns of Oromia and Amhara Regional States of Ethiopia in autumn 2016. However, these manipulated reports were simply copied by mass media (“mainstream media”), especially in the Western world, for instance in Germany without verifying the facts of such reports or news. For instance, Marco Maier wrote an article that the Oromo and Amhara people feel that they are oppressed by the minority Tigray people “(ca. 6 percent of the Ethiopian population)” which holds all key positions in the government. However, Maier’s report is not based on facts because the following examples show the opposite: The appointments of the cabinet of the Ethiopian Federal Government in 2015/16, 2016/17and in 2018 show that the majority of the ministers in the Federal Government of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa were from Oromia region, for example in 2016 eight ministers from Oromia region, four ministers and deputy prime minister from Amhara region, four ministers and prime Minister from Southern Nations (SNNPR) region, three ministers from Tigray Region, etc. Therefore, in order to find out scientific facts about the unrest in Ethiopia in autumn 2016, the author of this Paper has applied the following methodologies: 1. Secondary data were collected from various sources, like for example Internet (websites), watching television news (reports), reading print media, 2. Empirical studies and/or observations in Ethiopia as well as in Germany were reviewed and analyzed.3. In addition, the author of this Paper has written letters to authors of articles as well as editors of articles concerning the article about the late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi on 12.07.20 and the reports about the unrest in some towns of Oromia and Amhara Regional States of Ethiopia in autumn 2016.However, the source of their reports is “made up out of thin air”. The fact that the purpose of fake news is to defame persons, spread hatred and disturb public peace knowingly, governments like Germany, Malaysia, Singapore, the European Commission, etc. are taking legal actions against social media platforms, like Facebook, etc.

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