Knowledge about antibiotic prescription among dental undergraduate students in Saudi Arabia

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Author: 
Dr. Sandeepa, N. C., Dr. Muhammed Ajmal, Safeyah Abdurrahman Alqarni and Mashael Khaled Al-Thobati
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Objective: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed in dentistry as a prophylaxis and/or for the management of infections in the oro-facial regions. It is known that indiscriminate usage of antibiotics often can lead to development of resistance and thus the topic is receiving a great deal of consideration in the literature. Most of the studies are conducted among dentist and was found that overuse and abuse of antibiotics are practiced. It is very important that dental students are cognizant and well-informed regarding antibiotics. The difficulties if identified during their undergraduate level can be used to improve their skill of prescription and thus avoid overuse of antibiotics in their future clinical set up. This research aim toassess the knowledge of dental undergraduates regarding the use of antibiotics in various clinical conditions, antibiotic prophylaxis and the problems encountered in writing the prescription. Method: Both male and female students of level 10, 11, and 12 students of King Khalid University –College of Dentistry were selected for the study. Questionnaire was used and the responses were analyzed. Results: Most common error faced during prescription was, not knowing the brand names and dosage. Only 40% students think that antibiotics have to be prescribed when there is evidence of systemic spread. 53.4% students consider antibiotics to prevent post-operative complications. 16.5% consider prescription when specific treatment has to be delayed and when there is patients’ expectation for a prescription. 18.3% consider antibiotic before any surgical procedure. 12.3% think that antibiotics have to be given in acute pulpitis and 28.5% believe that it has to be given in acute infection before drainage. 13.4% consider antibiotics in routine extractions. Satisfactory knowledge regarding the various situations where antibiotic prophylaxis is used was lacking. Majority think that there is need to conduct a workshop on rational use of antibiotics at University. Conclusion: Though majority have responded satisfactorily, there is a requirement for the development of prescribing guidelines and educational initiatives regarding sensible and right use of the antibiotics and has to be stressed to dental undergraduates within schools for refining the present scenario.

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Editorial Board Member's

Dr.Geetanjali Joshi Mishra
Lucknow, UP, INDIA
Dr. Sankalp Verma
India
Tannu Arora
India
Prof Dr. Lee Mun Seng
Malaysia
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
DANA MOHAMMED
UK
Ali Majnoony Tootakhaneh
Iran
Prof. Somchai Amornyotin
Thailand
Nurhodja Akbulaev
Turkey
Muhammad Hamid
Pakistan
MOHAMMAD GHOLAMI
Iran
MAVLYANOV ISKANDAR RAKHIMOVICH
Uzbekistan
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Eapen, Asha Sarah
USA
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
UK
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
Dr. Lokesh Gambhir
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Charu Bisaria
India
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Bensafi Abd-El-Hamid
Algeria
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Arun Kumar
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
ALIIHSAN SEKERTEKIN
Turkey
Yassine KADMI
French
Tariqual Islam Sajeeb
Dhaka
Jiban Shrestha
Nepal
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Amzad Basha Kolar
India
Prof. Suhail Hussein Al-Fatlawi
Iraq
ZiedIBN El Hadj
Tunisia
Zafer Omer Ozdemir
Turkey
Uthumporn Utra
Malasiya
Tarek Habeeb Ramadan Ahmed
Egypt
Syed Abdul Rehman Khan
China
Sri. P.C. Puri
India
Dr. Mohd Ramzi Bin Mohd Hussain
Malasiya
Peter Changilwa Kigwilu
Africa
P. Rajasulochana
India
Nam Nguyen Dang
Vietnam
Lachachi Abdelheq
Algerie
Ibrahim Khider Ibrahim Osman
Sudan
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
DR. Yogesh Dnyandeo Narkhede
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Mustafa Y.G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Ashok Kumar
India
Arshad Mehmood
Pakistan
Anania B. Aquino
Phillippines
Ahmed I.S. Ahmed
Egypt
Yaling Lin
Taiwan
Souhir Neifar
Tunisia
Nihad Abdel Latif Ali Kadhim
Iraq
Muhammad Aslam
Pakistan
Dr. Shahera S.Patel
India
Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
Dr. Devendra Kumar Gupta
India
Diones Krinski
Brasil
Aberham Kebedom Darge
Ethiopia
Atiya Firdous
Pakistan
Prof. Marco Nemesio E.Montano
Phillippines
Prof. Zora Singh
AUSTRALIA
Dr. Alaa Fahmy Mohamed
Egypt
Moataz Mostafa El-Nahas Ali El-sherbini
Egypt
Prof. M. Abdul Mottaleb
Maryville
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran