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Molar Incisor Hypomineralization: a study of prevalence and etiology in a group of south Bangalore children

Author: 
Dr. Shakuntala Bethur Siddaiah, Dr. Umapathy Thimmegowda, Dr. Pavana Mysore Parameshwara and Dr. Jaya Agali Ramachandra
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) have significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, gender influence, etiological factors, treatment need associated and the relation between MIH and dental caries. This cross sectional epidemiological study was conducted in a randomly selected 1004 children from the 8-9 years age group of south Bangalore. Hypomineralized molars and incisors were recorded based on the MIH diagnostic criteria of the European Academy of Pediatric dentistry (EAPD) and DMFT (Decayed, Filled Missing teeth) determined using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. A detailed personal and family history in the questionnaire form included general information of the child and the mother with the prenatal, natal and post natal problems. Out of 1004 children, 115 (11.5%) had MIH with no difference between genders. Mother’s and child’s medical histories during prenatal, natal and postnatal periods showed increased incidence of MIH in children. The overall mean number of caries affected teeth was 0.4. The prevalence of MIH in a group of South Bangalore children was 11.5%. No gender differences seen. Prenatal, natal and postnatal medical conditions were more prevalent in children affected by MIH. The DMFT value was not statistically significant in MIH affected children.

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