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Prevalence of multi drug resistance campylobacter jejuni from raw chicken meat in erode retail shop

Author: 
Sathiamoorthi, T., Joseph Sahayarayan, J. and Arivoli, A.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The genus Campylobacter is of great importance to public health. These species may be found in water, food and in the intestinal tract of chickens. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni from chicken fleshes sold for human consumption at public markets of Erode city. Out of total 500 chicken fresh flesh samples screened, 208 (41.6%) revealed the presence of Campylobacter. Based on their morphological, cultural and biochemical tests by standard microbiological procedures, the isolates were identifies as Campylobacter jejuni. Highest resistance was detected towards nalidixic acid (81.25%), followed by ciprofloxacin (63.46%), tetracycline (41.34%), amoxicillin (31.25%), and colisitin (37.01%) and lowest resistance was observed in (11.05%), ampicillin (15.86%), chloramphenicol (6.73%), erythromycin (5.76%) and gentamicin (3.84%), respectively. Thus, erythromycin and gentamicin could be opted as drug of choice for treatment of campylobacteriosis when compared to other antimicrobial agents. The present studies was confirms the prevalence of antibiotic resistant Campylobacter spp. in raw chicken meat, an important source of infection in humans; warrant the necessity to continue monitoring of antibiotic resistant and pathogens in raw chicken meat. Unification of parameters and interpretation criteria for antibiotic resistance testing ensures good conditions for comparative studies both in the Erode, Tamilnadu, India.

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