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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.













June 2012

Hypophosphatasia is a rare inborn error of metabolism characterized by defective bone and tooth mineralization with a deficiency of serum and tissue liver/bone/kidney tissue alkaline phosphatase (L/B/K ALP) activity. This study involves the identification and confirmation of this disorder in a new born infant subject by detecting the missing allele and is thought to be a X-linked disorder as the same allele is mutated in the mother’s gene.

Austempering variables such as time and temperature have been taken in to consideration for the present investigation with respect to tensile properties and characterization of graphite morphology. Two types of spheroidal graphite (SG) cast iron samples with different weight percentage of copper were austempered at four different temperatures. The austempering temperatures were 250˚C, 300˚C, 350˚C and 400˚C.The influence of austempering process on the mechanical properties of spheroidal graphite iron was investigated as a function of austempering time and temperature.

A customized service to citizens can be provided using service-oriented architecture. Web Service Management System (WSMS) is a comprehensive framework that provides an integrated view on the management of web service. It helps in providing a service-centric framework to deliver services to citizens. The proposed WSMS enable citizens to select their needed services. It focuses on the following key components: service composition, service optimization and service privacy preservation. The service composition provides support for combining various services.

Mulch is a product used to suppress weeds; raises soil temperature and conserve water in crop production and landscaping. Plastic mulch is often used in conjunction with drip irrigation. By using plastics film and sheet in agriculture, water can be conserved and production increased. One issue for the industry is recovery of plastic film from mulch applications when the material is often torn and dirty. Sustainability is a big issue and efforts are being made to improve recovery and recycling rates.

Now a days mobile phones form an integral part of our daily life. We have billions of users worldwide and this number is ever increasing. Many researchers have proved that radiation of mobile phone is harmful for the health of human beings, animal and plants. Effect of the radiation of mobile phone depends upon the user time. The ongoing use of mobile phones has raised the health effects. This study is done for the people who are not aware about these radiations.

Nigeria’s economic dynamics has been very challenging especially for some sectors. The manufacturing sector of the economy has been very hard hit, hence most firms in Nigeria experience low capacity utilization, high cost of inputs, rising prices of component parts and raw materials, inadequate public power supply which many of them use for their power generating sets, hike in price of diesel and transportation cost lack of capital etc.

The Indian Oil Industry occupies an important place in the economy of the country because of its contribution to the industrial output, employment generation and foreign exchange earnings. The Oil that is produced by the Oil Industry in India provides more than thirty five percent of the energy that is primarily consumed by the people of India. This amount is expected to grow further with both economic and overall growth in terms of production as well as percentage.

The consumer behaviour theory is not a new one. There are so many theories such as Marshallian, Hicks-Allen Indifference Curve and Samuelson’s Revealed Preference theory and so on. But all these theories are based upon certain assumptions. The validity of these theories depends upon the rationality of these assumptions. The assumption of utility measurement i.e. whether utility is ordinal or cardinal is a debatable one. The Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) function is also not a new one.

Wilt disease affects the pulse crops at greater extent mainly due to fusarium species. Fusarium species releases pectolytic and cellulolytic enzymes responsible for disintegration of middle lamella and matrix of cell wall of particular host crop and infect them. Present study mainly use to calculate the role of cellulase(Cx) ,polygalactouronase (PG) and pectin methyl galacturonase(PMG) in fusarium for causing wilt disease. Result shows that with increasing incubation time, the activity of all three enzymes have been enhanced. Polygalacturonase shows highest activity i.e.

The present study categorically aimed at understanding the effects and impact of Hiv/Aids, drugs and substance abuse among the youth who are in aged bracket between 15 and 25 years. As the accurate data on youth involved in substance abuse in the city are not available, it may be difficult to determine the overall comprehensive perspective of the study due to relative responses from the sample respondents among youth in Visakhapatnam, A.P., India. It is worth discussing the magnitude of impact of HIV/AIDS, drugs and substance abuse among the youth in Visakhapatnam.

Using Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) not only economical but also better performance and also conserve the natural resources. To incorporate RAP in asphalt mix design, it is vital to know the amount and quality of the residual binder. The residual binders obtained from two RAP sources using solvent extraction and arson recovery methods were blended with a virgin binder in different proportions. Dynamic shear modulus, stiffness and viscosity of the different blends were compared. Viscosity and PG grading blending charts were developed based on the corresponding test data.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is the most comprehensive scheme of the Government of India for early childhood care and development. It aims at enhancing survival and development of children from the vulnerable sections of society, ICDS is a unique programme, it encompasses the main components of human resources development namely, health nutrition and education. The programme today covers over 4.8 million expectant and nursing mothers and over 23 million children under the age of six. Of these children, more than half participate in early learning activities.

The goal is to explore techniques such as image correspondence using interest points, robust matching with improved RANSAC, homography, and background subtraction and blending. The basic idea of stitch several images into a panorama is to map all the images onto a reference plane. In this project, we choose frame as the reference plane and the homography matrices between other frame images and reference frame are computed using SIFT and improved RANSAC algorithms. Identify key points and matches using SIFT.

E-Glass reinforced epoxy composites are first exposed to an environment laden with moisture (hygrothermal; 600C, 95% humidity) and then to up and down-thermal shocks for different lengths of time. A 3-point bend test using INSTRON-1195 is carried out to estimate inter laminar shear strength (ILSS) values of the shock treated and untreated samples (after hygrothermal exposure) separately. Low temperature DSC is carried out to record the deviation in Tg, the glass transition temperature.

The Martensitic Transformation in Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) can be triggered not only by changes in temperature and stress as that of paramagnetic conventional shape memory alloys, but also by changes in the applied magnetic field. It is well known that ferromagnetic shape memory alloy has diversified utilization, but not satisfactorily use, mainly because of high cost of processing and high cost of alloying elements. Among all Heusler alloy, Ni-Mn-Sn alloy have potential properties and exhibits lower cost.

Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a vector borne anthrozoonotic disease caused by a protozoan, Leishmania donovani, of Trypanosomatidae family. The most precise methods used for its diagnosis includes the analysis of spleen & liver smears (90%), Bone Marrow smear (80%), sternal or iliac crest puncture but these all are not reliable and cumbersome/painful also. Various serological tests like indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA), countercurrent immuno-electrophoresis (CCIEP), Immunodiffusion (ID), Direct agglutination test (DAT), Indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), ELISA etc.

Blood donor suitability criteria are based on science, informed medical opinion, and regulatory rules3. Blood donors are deferred for various reasons. Individuals disqualified from donating blood are known as “deferred” donors. To make blood transfusion safe for the patients many safety measures are undertaken by the blood transfusion community. Of the many safety measures, the most important is selection of blood donors. The rate and reasons of deferral differs from region to region and one center to the other 9.

To determine the relationship between maternal nutritional status and infant growth pattern, a cross sectional study was conducted in a postnatal clinic of government general hospital of south Kolkata, West Bengal, India. A total of 97 mother and their children were measured following standard techniques. Nutritional status of mothers and children’s were assessed based on WHO recommended body mass index (BMI) guidelines, mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) and z-score methods, respectively. The result shows that BMI is the most important predictive variable of WAZ, LAZ and WLZ.

The ethanolic extract of Calocybe indica was studied for its free radical scavenging property on different in vitro models like 1,1 –diphenyl-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH)Assay, Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power(FRAP)assay and in vitro antilipidperoxidative assay using goat liver homogenate and RBC Ghost model .The in vitro Lipid peroxidation (LPO) was inhibited to a good extent by the Calocybe indica ethanolic extract and the extent of inhibition being higher in the RBC membrane model than the liver homogenate model.

Lecythidaceae comprises members which are either trees or shrubs. In South India the family is represented by five species coming in three genera. The pollen morphology of all the five species was examined using LM and SEM observations. The pollen grains are basically 3-zonoaperturate and the aperture structure varies from syncolpate, to syncolporate and colporate. The shape of the pollen grains and the exine surface ornamentation also differ in different genara and species.

Bread is considered to be one of the oldest ‘processed’ foods by the humanity. It is one of the major products of baked foods and is consumed worldwide. Sprouting of pumpkin seed help to increase the nutrient content of the seed. Sprouted grains are seen in a number of baked goods at natural health food stores. The objective of this study was to optimize the refined wheat flour, germinated pumpkin seed flour and butter with respect to bread-making quality. The optimal Design was employed with the following variables of protein, weight loss, porosity and specific volume of the bread.

For a long time, Indian economy has proven to be resilient to substantial exchange rate fluctuations. Arguably, this resilience has strengthened over time, as firms have learned to adapt to exchange rate variability, including through the development of the hedging practices of financial institutions and non-financial firms. Changes in information technologies have also increased the speed and the accuracy of information while the surge of financial innovations is providing the decision makers with new hedging techniques to deal with the uncertainty regarding financial flows.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have played a significant role world over in the economic development of various countries. In many emerging markets, the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) sector is one of the principal driving forces for economic and job creation. As a continuation of study of financing of SMEs in Kakamega Municipalilty, we report on the type of collateral requirements for accessing financing by SMEs from financial Institutions (which include business assets/documents, personal assets/documents requested for collateral).

The present study was aimed to identify the antibacterial activities of Mirabilis jalapa chloroform extract against bacterial and fungal pathogens viz., Escherichia coli, S. epidermidis¬, K. pneumonia, C. freunndii, S. marcescens, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus subtilis, S. aureus, Candida albicans and Cryptococcus sp. In this study, the maximum zone of inhibition was identified with Escherichia coli; this was followed by S. marcescens, Bacillus subtilis and K. pneumonia.

“Hepatotoxicity is the capacity of a drug or chemical to produce injury to the liver diseases. The liver plays a central role in transforming and clearing chemicals which is susceptible to the toxicity from agents. Agents with recognized hepatotoxicity include carbon tetrachloride, alcohol”. In the present study the functional properties of target proteins which are responsible for liver cancer were studied and comparative modeling of target proteins was done for high percent sequence identity for structural homology.

From time immemorial, man has remained dependant on plants and if we consider the historic perspective it is evident that the fascination for plants is as old as mankind itself. Tecomella undulata is a deciduous shrub or small tree, found in northwestern India and southern Pakistan. The plant is under threatened category due to its imprudent harvesting from wild. The plant is used to cure leucorrhoea, leucoderma, enlargement of spleen, traumatic wounds, hepatitis, piles, anorexia, flatulence, tumors, worm infestations and syphilis.

Stone cultural heritage materials are at risk of bio-deterioration caused by diverse populations of microorganisms living in biofilms. The microbial metabolites of these biofilms are responsible for the deterioration of the underlying substratum and may lead to physical weakening and discoloration of stone. Fungal ability in production of pigments and organic acids have crucial role in discoloration and degradation of different types of stone in cultural heritage objects.

Several studies mentioned the genus Bulinus in Saudi Arabia and the Arabian Peninsula such as (Brown & Wright, 1980; Brown, & Gallagher, 1985; Neubert, 1998; Bin Dajem 2009). Most of these studies where in the western and the south regions of the Arabian Peninsula. The genus is medically important because several species of Bulinus function as intermediate hosts for the schistosomiasis blood fluke. Recently a study made by Jamjoom &, Banaja 2007 mentioned that intestinal schistosomiasis is prevalent in Ha’il, without recording any of the genus Bulinus in Ha’il.

Field experiment was conducted at the experimental farm, Department of Agronomy, Annamalai University, during February – May (2012) to study the effect of different vermicompost from various organic sources on productivity and economics of sunflower variety CO 4. The experiment with ten treatment combinations were laid out in randomized block design and replicated thrice. The ten treatment includes absolute control, recommended dose of fertilizer alone and graded dose of fertilizer nitrogen along with different organic composts and vermicompost.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari