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February 2014

From the last few decades, the quality of life and work life has become a major issue of concern for the organizations. Stress has become the key reason for dictating several issues related to the health and welfare of the employees. However, very little is still known about stress management procedures and employee’s emotional welfare in organizations.

The human Cytochrome P 450 CYPIA2 gene was introduced into tobacco plants (Nicotina tabacum cv. Virginia tobacco). CYP IA2 plants grown in soil clearly showed a healthy growth and tolerance to simazine, but non transgenic plants were completely damaged by the herbicides. The results proved that simazine was completely metabolized by the CYPIA2 transgenic plants to prevailingly non phytotoxic metabolites, the herbicide was biotransformed to a minor extent in non transgenic plants to metabolites with residual phytotoxicity.

Fungi make up a significant proportion of the tiny particles floating in the air. They play an important role in biodeterioration and degradation, act as an allergy trigger, cause of disease in humans, animals and plants. Knowledge of fungal spores present in the air can be useful in identifying allergens and pathogens, fungi that can cause mycotoxin contamination and spoilage. Aero mycological survey was carried out in the vegetable market of Ambikapur city for a period of two years using gravity Petri plate method. A total of 59 species belonging to 32 genera were identified.

Immobilization of enzymes is an important field of study as the reusable heterogeneous biocatalysts designed tremendously reduce production costs by efficient recycling and control of the catalytic processes. In the present study, the immobilization of Pseudomonas fluorescens lipase was performed via covalent attachment of lipase onto oxirane activated supports (Eupergit CM). Their wide specificity has rendered lipases into the most commonly-used enzymes in organic chemistry, resulting in an urgent need to effectively immobilize these enzymes.

This paper describes the farm structure and strategy of dairy farmers who sell milk and milk products to the consumer directly. Among 86 dairy farms, only 3 farms are involved in direct marketing channel in Saga Prefecture. These 3 farms are selected for this research. Farmers are concerned about income from milk sales which has been decreased since 1990. Most of the dairy farmers are prisoners of market price. They could cut their costs, but stuck with the market price. They have no control over that price.

Fourteen sugarcane genotypes of early maturity group were grown in three different environments such as I plant, II plant and ratoon crops during 2007-08 to 2008-09 consecutive years. Eleven traits viz.-cane yields, CCS yield, CCS %, sucrose %, Brix %, Purity %, Number of milliable cane, Average cane weight, Milliable height, cane diameter, & Extraction%, were studied during present investigation.

Understanding protein modeling is key to protein structure analysis. The current research includes crp salmonella typhimurium protein for modeling. The main criteria in model generation is generation of model based on available structures and then knowing model quality generated in process. Swiss prot gives automated model with model quality estimation by Qmean and Anolea. The other dedicated model quality estimation server used is ProSA. The protein model determination is helping in various protein- protein interaction studies, drug-taget interaction.

Extensive field trips were organized for collecting the plant species during their flowering & fruiting stages from various field trips and interviews of the local medicine men and village elders among the Meitei Community of Bishnupur district of Manipur. Survey conducted revealed the uses of 106 plant species belonging to 55 families and their use in curing different ailments; 21 plant species of monocotyledons and 85 species to that of dicotyledons. The communities still believes in the traditional use of herbal medicine and maintain herbal gardens in their own homestead.

Bacterial-fungal interaction (BFIs) means how bacteria initiate and maintain relationship with fungi. The BFIs form physically and metabolically interdependent consortia that harbour properties distinct from those of their single components. The BFIs were mainly associated in two ways namely, ectosymbionts and endosymbionts having either positive or negative interactions. The physical associations and molecular communications lead to alteration in the morphology, reproduction, pathogenecity and symbiosis.

This paper aimed to document the diversity of medicinal flora of Moradabad district along with their vernacular name, local name, habit and status. In the present study, a total of 153 plant species belonging to 60 families have been recorded from this area. These plant species include 88 herbs, 37 trees, 18 shrubs and 9 twiners.

The fracture of distal third of arm is common in the surgical procedure. The Musculocutaneous (MCN) nerve which supply the arm is very important for various surgical procedures,and which shows the frequent variation.But variation in the origin,course, and connection of MCN are not uncommon, and such variations have their own surgical importance. So that the purpose of present case report is identify the variation of MCN. The Routine cadaveric dissection method has been used for present case report.

Mining and related activities are sources of heavy metal contamination in streams, such as copper, zinc, cadmium, arsenic and lead . The study is focused on Ibodi, southwestern Nigeria which is located in the basement complex of Nigeria and it is to assess the stream sediments of Ibodi in order to decipher the environmental impact assessment of mining activities on the environment.

A study was conducted to observe the nutritive value of commonly used fish feed ingredients. High nutrient contents, easy availability and low cost were the major considerations in selecting the fish feed ingredients. During the present study the crude protein percentage of the poultry viscera, fishmeal, mustard oil cake, wheat bran, wheat flour and rice bran was estimated 60.67 %; 55.19 %; 34.86 %; 15.29 %; 15.19 %; 11.37 % respectively.

The text is closely connected to another called, Airflow delineation modelling in a standard operating theatre“. Negative effects on reverse flow in surgeries on the basis of applied measurement in practice using a mathemathical model of airflow delineation analysis. These airflows cause contamination of the operating area by particles coming from its surroundings, known as the self-contamination effect. Except for hygiene level 4 evaluation there is no operating standard for the theatre and its microclimating, let alone mandatory Czech legislation.

Azoles are five-membered cyclic compounds containing one or more heteroatoms in the ring, at least one of which must be nitrogen. The rings contain the maximum number of non-cumulative double bonds consistent with the normal valencies of the ring atoms. The diversity of chemical structures of the Triazoles family and their useful biological activities made these compounds attractive targets in synthetic organic chemistry. This review explores the modern pathways of the organic synthesis of Triazoles.

Education is necessary for each and every society. Education brings into focus the social aspect of human beings. Education signifies human's supreme position in society. By considering the importance of education, the government of India has implemented the Right to Education Act in the year 2009. The main motive behind this implementation was to provide free and compulsory education to each and every children residing in the country. After the implementation of this Act also, the tribal children in the country are not able to get access to education.

Large potential and scientific studies have been carried out up to date to detect and locate climate changes and trends in different parts of the world by examine and analyze various climate key factors such as; air temperature, rainfall records humidity concentration etc. Some of these studies deal with measurements of temperature time series for specific meteorological stations due to the importance of its long records of fluctuating temperature data, location and reliability.

The study focuses on the corporate cash holdings and its determinants using panel data analysis study on non financial firms selected form Karachi Stock Exchange. The sample of 50 non-financial firms were examines for the duration of ten years from 2003-13. Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) was applied on data; which was collected from annual reports of the firms.

Entrepreneurship is the Creativity of business idea which than materializes into big ventures and then those ventures helps in supporting the nation. For this Entrepreneurial intent is the force which makes entrepreneurs Motivated practically. Entrepreneurs use to lead themselves through Big time lapses and troubles, only one thing keeps them going and fighting to all odds and that is how well they are trained. In this research the researcher has focused on the factors which affect the entrepreneurial intent of students.

Information and Communication Technology for urban development is based on the premise that technologies have the potential to fulfil human desire for progress thus, improved livelihoods. The implication is that people appropriate technology for self fulfilment. The exploit of technology is certainly transforming the world. However, there is a problem in understanding ICT for development within the confines of technology alone without assessing how it impacts on different gender. It is easy to lose sight when we merely change the world without really understanding it.

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between price volatility and the dividend policy of manufacturing firms listed in Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE). For this reason are sample of 53 manufacturing firms are taken in our sample data. Data is obtained for 6 years from 2006-2011. Data cross sectional in nature. The regression model are used to see the relationship between the dependent variable is price volatility and its relates with independent variables such as dividend yield, net income, dividend payout ratio, Tobin’s Q, return on equity, size and debit equity.

It is evident that through Apparel making & Embroidery training program there is about 142.5% gain in knowledge among the Trainees. It is evident that from the study on Apparel making and Embroidery Training given by BCT-KVK every trainee has become an earner of supplementary income. The beneficiaries got hands on experience during the training program and started Individual units in their respective villages and also got employment in the nearby apparel companies. The KVK is offering necessary technical support during the follow up visits. There is good demand for Apparels.

Air vessels are used to mitigate both up and down surge events in pipeline systems. When the air vessel swings into action in the event of a pressure surge, the compressed air pressure changes accordingly to suppress the adverse pressure. The rate at which the pressure changes in the air cushion occur is very important in determining the effectiveness of air vessels as surge control devices. This rate is dependent partly on the initial air volume contained in the vessel (hence its size) and the thermodynamic process that the air undergoes.

Today technology has very much grown in last few years it has been in every aspect of medicine there is a huge development in medical imaging equipment as there are many equipment manufacturers, so a standard for storage and exchange of medical images needed to developed DICOM (Digital Imaging And Communication In Medicine) was created making it more easy and flexible in storage and exchange.

Concept of secondary k-unitary(s-k unitary) equivalent matrices is introduced. Some equivalent conditions on secondary k-normal matrices(s-k normal) are given.

As a result of theoretical and experimental investigations it has been shown, that for preventing sphalerite activation by copper and lead ions, it is required to create practically the same concentration value of sulphur ions, which abruptly increases by raising the pH value of pulp liquid phase. Physico-chemical model derived can be used as the criteria for functional units of automation systems to control and regulate sulphuric sodium expenses.

The silkworm, Bombyxmori being a monophagous insect, derives all the nutrients required for its growth from the mulberry leaves. The quality of silk produced by the silkworm depends on the quality and yield of mulberry leaf as well as environmental conditions. The larval and pupal parameters of silkworm Bombyxmori fed with vegetable dyes treated MR2 mulberry leaves, the following works have been considered.

Energy is essential for every aspect of our daily life in the Universe and its consumption pattern mostly depends upon population and economy of a nation. The current world energy consumption primarily depends on the fossil fuel resources. The utilization of these conventional fuels is rapid and therefore it is necessary to investigate the existing energy usage, consumption pattern and demand, especially in urban areas of developing countries for efficient utilization of energy.

A critical review of literature reveals that the debate on financial liberalization thesis still remains largely unresolved. Thus, using a quarterly time series data, this study examines the nature of causality among financial liberalization, real interest rate and savings mobilization as well as how they interact with one another in Nigeria. Granger causality test was employed in determining the nature of causality between financial liberalization and real interest rate on one hand and real interest rate and savings mobilization on the other hand.

The Indian economy looked to be relatively insulated from the global financial crisis that started in August 2007 when the sub-prime mortgage crisis first surfaced in the United States (US). In fact, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was raising interest rates until August 2008 with the explicit objective of cooling the economy and bringing down the gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate, which visibly had moved above the rate of potential output growth and was contributing to the buildup of inflationary pressures in the economy.

The Indian economy looked to be relatively insulated from the global financial crisis that started in August 2007 when the sub-prime mortgage crisis first surfaced in the United States (US). In fact, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was raising interest rates until August 2008 with the explicit objective of cooling the economy and bringing down the gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate, which visibly had moved above the rate of potential output growth and was contributing to the buildup of inflationary pressures in the economy.

The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) constitute an important segment of the Indian economy in terms of their contribution to country’s industrial production, exports, employment and creation of entrepreneurship base. The primary responsibility for promotion and development of MSMEs lies with State Government. However, the Government of India has always taken active interest in supplementing the efforts of the State Governments. The future of MSMEs is of major policy concern given their strategic importance in any discussion of reshaping the industrial sector.

This paper attempts to present the dermatoglyphic traits in Kalinga, an endogamous caste population from the north coastal Andhra Pradesh. So far, several anthropogenetic studies have been carried out on several tribal and non-tribal communities in the state of Andhra Pradesh. However, the present study population ‘Kalinga’ has not been touched so far. Hence, the observations made in this paper will add to the existing information on caste population of Andhra Pradesh.

The colonial critique of Dogra state’s control over rural landscape of Kashmir and ‘rural deprivation’ executed through a wide variety of modes, prepared the ground for colonial intervention especially in agrarian domain. The colonial intervention in the capacity of Wingate and Lawrence’s agrarian reforms could not save the system from its disease. The reforms didnot altogether purify the evils in the agriculture; only the surface level changes were ensured.

This study examines the response of monetary authority to macroeconomic shocks by employing a VECM Cointegration VAR model that considers domestic credit as the most appropriate indicator of monetary policy performance. The main findings of the study are as follows: Both net foreign asset and GDP are statistically significant and positively influence domestic credit in the long run dynamics model. It is only consumer price index that has a positive impact in the short run dynamics. All other explanatory variables negatively influence domestic credit in the short-run dynamics model.

In spite of growing linguistic diversity in English language classrooms, many teachers are not adequately prepared to work in such language classrooms. The main challenge is on whether or not the teachers’ maxims actually reflect on English language learners needs and consider the classroom implications and management. The aim of this paper is to discuss the nature of teachers’ maxims in the teaching of learners with diverse linguistic abilities as well as how teachers identify these types of learners.

Reference groups play a determinative role in shaping general consumer behaviour. Peers exercise a strong impact on purchase decisions of the youth by providing invaluable information and feedback regarding different products and brands. The study aimed to identify the drivers of and barriers to brand switching among college students in India, and check for the influence of peer pressure on brand switching in the context of four product categories – mobile network, ice cream, deodorant and movie theatre.

This study uses data from a census of sorghum and/or millet growing households in two agricultural blocks of Luanshya Distict to compare socio-economic characteristics, perceptions and practices among adopters and non-adopters of improved cereal crop varieties. The results suggest that adopters of improved varieties of cereal crops are generally better off, more market oriented, and more likely to purchase their inputs.

Main purpose of this research is Analyzing effectiveness of science curriculum with teaching- based practices and research- based practices in terms of essential knowledge and skills in elementary period. This research is done with semi- experimental method with a sample containing 50 girl students in elementary third grade in Urmia City that are selected randomly and with multilevel- cluster sampling with the hypothesis of science curriculum with teaching- based practices and research- based practices.

Introduction: Nosocomial infections, even in this modern era of antibiotics, continue to remain an important and formidable consequence of hospitalization. Vascular access by use of intravenous (i.v.) catheters is an essential element of modern medical care, particularly in Medical intensive care units (MICU). Vascular catheters interrupt the protective barrier of the skin and enable microorganisms potentially to gain direct access to the bloodstream causing catheter related infections.

We are in the age of information explosion in quantity and quality, as communication has been made easier, faster and accessible to almost any place in any part of our planet, which enables cultures, peoples, experts, specialists, ideologies, interact and confront each other. All these are possible thanks to the development in the quality and variety of the modern media and communication technologies.

Nanocrystalline CdS thin films have been prepared on glass substrates by chemical bath deposition (CBD) and Chemical Spray Pyrloysis (CSP) methods. The optical properties of the films were studied by measuring their optical transmittance and reflectance spectra in the wavelength range of 300-900 nm. The optical absorption studies reveal that the electronic transition is direct with band gap value of 2.42 (eV) and 2.55 (eV) for the films deposited by (CBD) and (CSP) respectively.

Tourism has become the world's largest industry, composing of numerous enterprises such as airlines, hoteliers, car rentals, leisure suppliers, and travel agencies.

Participatory Rural Livelihood Analysis paves a discernible way of socio-economic analysis for development planning. Purulia, by becoming a typical economically backward district and a complex-diverse-risk prone farm economy in India, is reeling under abject poverty and geospatial migration of farm labourers. This sector is now suffering from declining growth, uncertain market, low capital formation, and vagaries of nature. The sustainable livelihood has become the universal goals since millennium declaration by UNO.

The packaging scenario and requirements for processed foods world over is changing fast. This is not only with regard to materials, forms, systems and machinery, but also legal aspects closely linked with environmental equilibrium and maintenance as well. Among these developments, the “Packaging of Future” is expected to do more than just contain and protect. One of the novel technologies is bio-active packaging where the package itself smartly imparts the functional properties in foods.

Vegetable cowpeas are integral components of the Nigerian traditional diet. They are relished for their delicious flavor and complement carbohydrate staples, supplying proteins, vitamins and minerals. The aim of this research work was to provide scientific information the nutrient composition (pods containing seeds and seeds alone) and physical characteristics of two local vegetable cowpea varieties Akidi-ani (AKA) and Akidi-enu (AKE) consumed in Nigeria, in comparison with nine exotic varieties. Physical methods were used to measure the pod dimensions.

Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli L.) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.) are the most prominent weeds in rice field which significantly affected the growth and development of rice from germination stage to yielding stage. The allelopathic effect of dry leaves (mature and senesced) aqueous extracts (5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%) of Calotropis procera Decne., was investigated to evaluate the herbicidal efficacy on the germination and growth of Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli L.) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.).

Aluminum (Al) is amongst the most abundant elements of the planet and exposure to this metal can cause oxidative stress and lead to various signs of toxicity in plants resulting in decreased crop productivity. In this experiment we have studied the effect of Al treatment (100 µmol/L and 250 µmol/L) on induction of oxidative stress and changes in antioxidant gene expression in sorghum bicolor (cv AN 2000). Al treatment increased superoxide and H2O2 content and protein oxidation in both roots and leaves of sorghum. The lipid peroxide levels increased only in roots.

Viral and bacterial contamination of recreational coastal water is a rising public health concern. The aim of our study was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of the presence of indicator virus and pathogens in seawater, sand and mussels at recreational marine beaches in Southern Morocco. Forty six samples (mussels, sand and seawater) were collected from Dar Bouazza region and tested for the presence of enteric viruses by (qPCR) and viral viability by integrated cell culture-PCR (ICC-PCR) assay.

Objective: This study aimed to reveal that how often smoker patients with coronary bypass surgery are exposed to cerebrovascular events compared to nonsmokers. Methods: In our clinic between December 2011 and September 2013, 100 patients with coronary artery bypass surgery were included in the study. First, patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 20) smokers and Group 2 (n = 80) non-smokers. Postoperative CVA risk assessments of these patients were done according to the American Heart Association (ACC / AHA) criteria. Results: The patients evaluated were 73 male and 27 female.

Background: Practical learning is one of the important concerns that helps the awareness of nursing students’ practice in a clinical setting and it is important to link theoretical knowledge to practical skills. Nursing educators and clinical preceptors must display the knowledge and skills required to bridge the theory practice-gap. Aim: This study aimed to explore the perception of nursing students related to their practical learning and theory-practice gap.

Introduction: Macroscopic-morphometrical study of human kidney provides various data like dimensions, length variation on coronal section, number of; pyramid, minor calyx, major calyx and renal sinus with clinical significance. Materials and methods: Total 101 kidneys were dissected and macroscopically studied. Various data like weight, length, breadth, thickness, length of cortex and medulla, number of; pyramid, minor calyx, major calyx and renal sinus were observed and analyzed.

Background Medical and dental interns are at risk of acquiring (or transmitting) vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, mumps, rubella, varicella and hepatitis B. We aimed to determine the seroprevalence of mumps, measles, rubella, varicella, and hepatitis B among medical and dental interns. Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed on medical and dental students who applied for internship at King Abdulaziz University in 2013.

Background and Introduction: Core muscle strengthening and behavioural therapy are the two main treatment strategies employed in the management of chronic non specific low back pain in nursing population. But there is very little evidence about the effect of a combined treatment protocol of core muscle strengthening and behavioural therapy in the management of chronic non specific low back pain.

Background: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. Asymptomatic colonization among healthcare workers is the major source of MRSA in hospital environment. There is paucity of information on carriage of MRSA by healthcare workers in developing nations. Aim of this study was to determine nasal carriage rate of MRSA in healthcare workers and the antibiotic sensitivity of the isolates. Methods: 300 nasal swabs were collected from doctors and health care workers.

A community based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to assess the prevalence of hypertension with respect to demographic profile of kashmiri population. The study was taken from Oct. 2012 to Sept. 2013 in District Pulwama. The sampling method used was multistage, 10% villages from each block were taken for study using population proportion to size method (PPS). From each selected village 5% households were taken by systemic random method for the study. Minimum sample required was calculated.

Introduction: Castleman’s disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic discrete lymphadenopathy to recurrent episodes of diffuse lymphadenopathy with severe systemic symptoms. Case report: We report a case of multicentric Castleman’s disease presenting as anasarca. The patient had predominant systemic involvement during the clinical course. Patient was started on chemotherapy(CHOP regimen). Patient succumbed to sepsis three months after diagnosis. This case has been reported for its rarity.

Ringworm or (dermatophytosis) is a fungal disease caused by Trichophyton verrucosum and T.mentagrophytes. It is transmitted by direct contact with infected animals or by indirect contact through fomites. Three different concentration of Calvatia craniformis mushroom ointment are prepared from mushroom powder were (0.25%,0.50% and 1%), then applied topically to lesion once daily. Sixty infected ewe, lamb in different age and sex were involved in our study and divided into two groups; the first is treatment group and, the second is the control group.

Studies concerning epilepsy in the context of Pharmaceutical Care in Malaysia are lacking. Thus, this study aims to determine the issues on hospitalised epileptic patients prescribed on anti-epileptic drugs (AED. Factors associated with uncontrolled seizure and hospitalisation and the drug related problems (DRP) encountered were described. Adult epileptic patients were screened and those fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recruited. These patients must be confirmed cases of epilepsy and on AED’s for at least two months.

Introduction: This study is to explore the relationship between cognitive and emotional parameters of patients’ attitudes and beliefs and adherence toward prescribed medicines among Malay T2DM patients in a Primary Health Clinics. Method: This is a cross sectional survey conducted over a period of two months at the outpatient department in seven government primary health clinics in the district of Kuala Langat, Selangor, Malaysia. A non-probability convenience sampling method was employed and patient’s recruitment based on the set inclusion criteria.

Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are important human pathogens causing diseases in a variety of different human tissues and animal species. HSV-1 is being most often transmitted non-sexually and HSV-2 most usually transmitted sexually. Primary HSV infections are usually symptomatic but may be sub clinical. Worldwide 65% - 90% rate of HSV infection found in different part of world and HSV1 is more common than HSV2. Few studies from India documented for HSV 1 and HSV 2 infections in different population groups. In India HSV 1 and HSV 2 seroprevalence in adults are 63% and 16.6% respectively.

Hybrid rice systems are based on three line Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (CMS) which has been an efficient tool in commercialization of hybrid rice technology. Therefore, identification of potential restorers in rice is the basic step in development of rice hybrids. In the present study, 70 drought tolerant lines were crossed with two cytoplasmic male sterility lines viz., IR58025A and IR79156A and the F1s were analyzed for pollen fertility (1% I-KI Solution) and spikelet fertility.

The bloom forming mixotrophic dinoflagellate, Ceratium furca, has been linked with the coastal eutrophication in tropical and subtropical coastal regions. During November 2012, a bloom of C. furca was observed in Chouldari, Port Blair, South Andaman. Such events of dinoflagellate have not been previously reported in this area. The bloom was recorded during II phase of Monsoon (November 22nd – 26th) of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. During the bloom period, C. furca was counted as 22, 230 to 37, 132 Analysis of nutrients and environmental parameters also studied.

In this study, statistical techniques such as Multiple linear regression analysis is applied to water quality data set monitored during Pre and Post monsoon 1982 -2012 to investigate in the extent of pollution and seasonal variation in river Indus waters. The variables were pH, BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand), COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand, TSS (Total Suspended Solid), TDS (Total Dissolve Solid), alkalinity, Cl-, HCO3-, SO4-2, Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+ and K+.

The geothermic low temperature can be used to produce the fresh air with the help of an adequate heat exchanger. This last one is often constructed from a pipe in PVC buried in soil and in which we make circulate the ambient hot air. Certainly, the air outlet temperature depends on the climatic conditions of the site and the geometric and dynamic parameters of the heat exchanger. In this work, we present a study led on an earth-to-air heat exchanger (EAHE) operated under the climatic conditions of Algeria Sahara.

Wastewater is mostly water by weight. Other materials make up only a small portion of wastewater, but can be present in large enough quantities to endanger public health and the environment. Because practically anything that can be flushed down a toilet, drain, or sewer can be found in wastewater, even household sewage contains many potential pollutants. The wastewater components that most wastewater facilities are designed to remove is suspended solids, biodegradable organics, and pathogenic organisms.

The annual rainfall data for a period of 63 years (1950-2012) of Tamil Nadu have been analyzed for climatologically pattern and trend. Climate change for a region can be analyzed only on a long–term average. Detecting climate change with seasonal variability is difficult, thus we have considered the annual rainfall to analyze any change in the climatic trend of Tamil Nadu and forecast the rainfall for the year 2013. The non parametric Mann-Kendall test is used for trend analysis. This resulted with h=0 and p-value = 0.4609 for an alpha value of 0.05.

Effective remedy for common ailments associated with poisoning from environment, foods, drugs and cosmetics has gone beyond total dependence on orthodox medicines. Such ailments could require immediate attention which orthodox medicines (if available) might not provide before irreversible damages are done. The people of South Eastern Nigeria have been using Garcinia kola seeds as an antidote for the management of poison-related ailments. This research investigated the adsorptivity potential of the Garcinia kola seeds for weakly acidic antidepressant- phenobarbital sodium.

The use of plant products as pesticides against crop pests is gaining importance in recent years due to environmental and health hazards posed by synthetic organic pesticides. Plant materials comprises rich source of phytochemicals which are highly toxic to many insect species without phytotoxic properties. The lemon butterfly Papilio demoleus is an important pest whose larval forms causes serious damage to citrus family, in the field the caterpillars feed on leaves and prefer blossoms and young ones.

This investigation deals with the comparative studies on leaf epidermal micromorphology, vegetative (stem and petiole) anatomy and xylem elements of four members of the family Portulacaceae. The species selected for the study are Portulaca grandiflora Hook., Portulaca oleracea L., Portulaca quadrifida L. and Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss. which have medicinal importance. In each case, the epidermal cells are irregular in shape and cell wall outline is wavy. Size of epidermal cells ranges from 37.64 µm × 71.25 µm to 48.91 µm × 81.91 µm. Stomata are of paracytic type in all four taxa.

Nageen lake is very productive eutrophic urban lake of Kashmir valley. High concentration of dissolved nutrients like nitrates and total phosphorus promotes profuse algal and macrophytic growth. The study focuses on the impact of elevated temperature on macrofaunal assemblages. A composite Gerking frame box and grappler were used for sample collection. The effect of scorching heat was conspicuous as a result of mass fish kill in the affected area. It was found that the total invertebrate number reduced from 13 different families in reference site to just two families in the affected site.

This study presents the nutritive value of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton-Buchanan), locally known as Muka-nga which is a small indigenous fish of Manipur. This fish is eaten as smoked, fried and curried form by the local people. This fish is very tasty and costly as compared to other small fishes. It may be due to its highly nutritive value. The main objective of this study is to estimate the proximate composition of this fish. The lipid content was determined by using Bligh and Dyer method. The total lipid content and moisture content was found to be 77.19% and 5.4% respectively.

Trichoderma harzianum (Rifai) isolate was collected from the Rhizosphere soil of Tomato field and tested for their antagonistic activity against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici ((SACC.) Synder and Hans) causing Fusarium wilt of Tomato. The antagonistic fungus was very effective in inhibiting the mycelial growth of the pathogen in Dual culture. The antagonistic fungus produced lytic enzyme (Chitinase) which was found to inhibit the growth of the pathogen in vitro.

Climatic variability and changes in the last decade is the great threat to the sustainability in food grain production in India. In spite of technological advances, weather and climate are playing vital role in Indian agriculture. Change in climate is mainly a result of increased production of CO2, methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), ozone, water vapors, Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which resulted in increase in atmospheric temperature, disturbance in quantity and distribution of rainfall, melting of glaciers, rise in sea level etc.

A continuously increase in demand for milk and milk products has led to increase in dairy industries. Subsequently, the wastewater generated also increased which cause environmental problems when discharged to surface water or land. Wastewater generated in dairy contains mostly organic constituents which can be treated with biological treatment methods. This research was carried out to treat dairy wastewater of different strength by using UASB reactor at different HRT. After steady state condition in batch mode, the UASB reactor was run in continuous mode.

Aim of this study was to determine the presence of potential mosquito vectors in the Irinjalakuda Municipality. Urban and semi-urban characteristics of Irinjalakuda municipality provide suitable breeding habitats for different species of mosquito vectors. Mosquito larvae were collected from 25 selected sites of the study area from July 2012 to June 2013. A total of 30 species belonging to 5 genera, Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Mansonia and Armigeres were collected and identified using systematic keys. The vectorial capacity of these mosquito species was discussed.

Study was conducted to explore the reuse potential of the textile dyeing wastewater generated from textile dye industry. Earthworms proved to be master bio processing agents for the management of organic effluents from diverse sources ranging from domestic sewage to industrial refuse. In this context, the present paper describes the application of vermiculture based wastewater technology with the primary objective of converting liquid effluent into eco-friendly safe water. Vermifiltration of wastewater using waste eater earthworms is a newly conceived novel technology.

Various agronomic practices have profound effect on productivity and malt quality of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). In this paper, discussed the influence of varieties, tillage methods and time of sowing, dose and time of nitrogen application, irrigation scheduling on the growth, productivity and malt quality of barley. This article helps to the researcher to plan the further studies to enhance the productivity of malt barley to strengthen the malting industry.

Hardwood trees planted for timber production, wildlife habitat, riparian buffers, native woodland restoration, windbreaks, watershed protection, erosion control, and conservation are susceptible to damage or even death by various native and exotic fungal or bacterial diseases. Establishment, growth, and the quality of the trees produced can be affected by these disease outbreaks. Planting a mixture of tree species will help create a diverse community that could better withstand outbreaks of disease occurrences, and help minimize the risks associated with growing single-species plantings.

The avifauna of Dal Lake was studied from October 2010- to October 2011.Seventy six species belonging to 34 families were recorded. Of these, 26 were summer visitors, 20 were winter visitors, 9 were local altitudinal migrants and 21 were resident. Family Anatidae showed maximum species diversity. The distribution and abundance of birds varied with season and maximum number of species was recorded during spring. Landscape alteration, poaching, felling of nesting trees were the major threats for the survival of birds. Conservation aspects of birds of this region are discussed.

Background :The incidence of ICU related AKI has increased over the last few decades This is probably related to the rising incidence of sepsis related hospital admissions, increased prevalence of risk factors for AKI, including chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure, and expanded use of intravenous radio-contrast agents. ICU patients with AKI have higher morbidity, mortality, and health care costs compared to ICU patients without AKI. Objective: To study indicators of acute kidney injury that might affect the outcome of critically ill patients.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari