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“BLOOD”: prevalence of Blood borne infectious diseases in a Large population Observed Over blood Donors

Author: 
Krishnasamy Narayanasamy, Subash, S., Janifer Jasmine, J., Prem kumar, K., Chezhian A., Priyadarshini, P., Koodal raj, A. and Muthu kumaran, R.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Aim: To determine the prevalence of Rh positivity, distribution of blood groups, Blood Borne Infectious Diseases (BBID), age and weight related to blood donors, test validation and post donation counseling among the South Indian blood donors. Materials and Methods: Blood screening for blood borne infectious diseases were done for, 1, 70,001 blood donors with in Rajiv Gandhi Government General Public Hospital. Age, weight, test validation, look back process done and recorded. Results: Among the 1, 70,001 blood donors, (Rh positive: 96.3%, Rh negative: 3.7%). Blood groups, were (A-17.9%, B-34.2%, O-42.1% and AB-5.7%). 1775 donors (1.04%) were reactive for HIV, HBsAg and HCV. Of, 1775 donors 51 donors were reactive for HIV (2.8%), 1657 were reactive for HBsAg (93.4%) and 67 were reactive for HCV (3.8%). Increased age and less weight in HIV reactive donors, increased age and body weight in HCV donors and decreased age and increased body weight in HBsAg donors were found. Enzyme-Linked Immune-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) was sensitive 71.3% and rapid test was sensitive in 28.7%. In regional distribution, we found 1435 (80.8%) reactive blood donors donated blood in Chennai and 340 (19.2%) were found Other Than Chennai (OTC). Conclusion: In conclusion our study reflected higher number of Rh+ blood donors, higher distribution of blood group were “O” followed by “B”. HBsAg was higher among blood donors. Older age and lesser weight in HIV reactive donors, young with increased body weight in HBsAg and older and higher body weight in HCV reactive donors. ELISA was best in test validation.

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