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Allelopathic Effects of Wild Mustard and Wild Oat on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Wheat

Author: 
Pejman Behdarvand, Chinchanikar, G. S. and Dhumal, K. N
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Allelopathic effects of two dominate weeds like wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.) and wild oat (Avena ludoviciana L.) on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Var. Chamran) were investigated at Department of Botany, University of Pune (M.S.), India in 2011. The results revealed that aqueous extracts of wild mustard and wild oat had caused drastic reduction in seed germination percentage, shoot and root length as well as dry weight of wheat seedlings. Maximum reduction was recorded at highest concentration of weed extracts. The extract of wild mustard had shown highest reduction in seed germination percentage, shoot length and seedling dry weight as compare to the extracts of wild oat and combination of wild mustard and wild oat. Amongst the three different types of weeds extracts, wild oat (100%) had caused highest negative effect on root length only. Amongst the different parameters studied root length showed highest sensitivity towards the treatments of weed extracts. The present investigation had clearly shown the negative influence of both the weeds on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat.

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