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Analysis Of Compost And Vermicompost Produced By The Epigeic Earthworm, Eudrilus Eugeniae Out Of Different Organic Wastes

Author: 
Girimalleshwar Bagari and Pulikeshi M. Biradar
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The present study was undertaken to analyse the quality of compost and vermicompost produced by the action of epigeic earthworm, E.eugeniae out of different organic wastes such as Lawn Grass Waste (LGW), Cotton Residue Waste (CRW), Ashoka Tree Waste (ATW), Parthenium Waste (PW) and Cattle Manure (CM) as standard food for earthworms. The physico-chemical parameters of both compost and vermicompost have been analysed by standard specified methods so as to check the role of the earthworm, E. eugeniae in biodegradation of different organic wastes and recycling of plant nutrients. Results revealed that there is a wide variation in physico-chemical parameters of both composts and vermicomposts. A significant reduction in Organic Carbon (OC) have been observed in vermicompost than in the compost of all organic wastes may be due to usage of Carbon (C) for the building up of body of the worms during their growth. There is an increasing level of physico-chemical parameters such as pH, EC, both macro nutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca and Mg) and micro nutrients (Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn) in vermicompost when compared to compost in all organic wastes. This may be because of more biodegradation process by the action of earthworm and mineralization of degraded organic wastes by the action of saprophytic microorganisms present in the gut of earthworm, E.eugeniae.

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