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Assessment of knowledge, prevalence and severity of anaemia in tertiary care hospital: a cross sectional observational study

Author: 
Pradeep Battula, Neelambari, A. and Adnan Ahmed Khan, S.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Anaemia is a major public health problem throughout the world with annual prevalence of 400 million. The prevalence rates are higher in developing countries like India especially affecting children, adolescents and women. Objectives: The main objective of the study to assess the prevalence, severity of anaemia and also knowledge regarding anaemia among the hospitalised subjects in tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted on anaemic patients. Questionnaire and information from subjects was collected based on study criteria in designed proforma, final diagnosis with system of involvement was documented. The data was subjected to descriptive analysis by using Microsoft Excel. Results: Out of 350 subjects, 280 cases were diagnosed with anaemia according to haemoglobin levels. Overall prevalence and incidences percentage of anaemia among the subjects found to be 80% and 78% respectively. Mild anaemia was found to be mostly seen in all categories. In view of knowledge, 62% were having poor knowledge regarding anaemia. The overall mean score was 4.99 concerning knowledge. Conclusion: The prevalence of anaemia tends to higher in developing countries. There is a higher prevalence and incidences among the subjects were observed. There is a need of awareness progress like health education and seminars should be conducted at regular intervals.

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