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Association of lifestyle risk factors with eventual incidence of hypertension

Author: 
Salma Sultana, Shaista Urooj and Anirban Goswami
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: At present scenario Hypertension is the principal risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Indeed treatment of high blood pressure is the most common reason to visit a physician. Hence it is of great importance for researchers to find out the risk factors that affect the onset. Aim: The present study aimed to create awareness about lifestyle disorders which are associated with hypertension. Methodology: In this study, the positive diagnosis of hypertension was made by the resting systolic blood pressure ≥140mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90mmHg. Data regarding eventual hypertension was collected from patients attended in GOPD at Regional Research Institute of Uanani Medicine, New Delhi, India. Data on Height, Weight, tobacco chewing, smoking, alcoholism and other was collected. Multiple logistic regressions used to determine the association of these lifestyle risk factors of hypertension among in qualitative & quantitative outcome variables. In logistic regression, the Logit link used to determine and find the correlation between the variables. Data were analyzed with 'R' statistical software version 3.4.1 and the significant level of variables is chosen based on the p-value associated to the significant level of model that lies on α= 0.05. Results: As per logit model lifestyle factors such as BMI, tobacco chewing, alcoholism and laziness are determined as highly associated with the probability of having hypertension (p-value <0.05) where as smoking have found non significant (p-value>0.05) result. Conclusion: Based on statistical model, hypertension is associated with BMI, tobacco chewing, alcoholism and laziness. We can conclude that effective lifestyle modifications may lower the chance of a person to develop a disease like hypertension.

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