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Association of parenting styles with caries status, caries risk and behaviour of children in dental set up

Author: 
Amrita Nayyar, Prashant M. Battepati, Anand K. Tavargeri and Vijay Trasad
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Parenting is a composite activity. Parenting styles may have an impact on the coping mechanisms adopted by the child in stressful situations. Parents are responsible towards the overall health of the child. Thus, the oral health and the risk of dental disease development in children may also be influenced by different parenting practices. Aim: To study the association of parenting styles with caries status, caries risk, socioeconomic status (SES) and behavior of child in dental operatory. Materials & Methods: The present analytical cross-sectional study was carried out in 200 parent-child pairs. A trained, calibrated and blinded post graduate student performed initial examination for caries status, risk assessment and oral prophylaxis in children aged 3-6 years reporting for their first dental visit. Another blinded examiner not involved in rendering treatment assessed the behavior of children at the time of treatment. Questionnaire was filled to assess the parenting styles and socioeconomic status of parents. Results: A statistically significant association was noted between parenting styles and caries status (χ2=137.0361, p=0.0001*), parenting styles and caries risk (χ2=149.5972, p=0.0001*), parenting styles and behavior of children in during first dental visit (χ2= 41.0532, p=0.0001*) and parenting styles and socioeconomic status (χ2=121.9572, p=0.0001*). Conclusion: When parenting was of authoritative type children had less caries (7.83%), low caries risk (86.09%), and more cooperative behavior in the dental operatory (76.52%) in comparison to children of parents with permissive and authoritarian parenting style. Higher socioeconomic status was associated with authoritative (66.09%) and permissive parenting (52.08%).

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