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Barriers to and determinants of the choice of agricultural land management strategies to combat climate change in dejen district, Nile basin of Ethiopia

Author: 
Zerihun Yohannes Amare
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Agriculture is the most important economic sector of many developing countries including Ethiopia. Improving agricultural land management is key to combat climate change impacts and increase crop productivity. The adoption of agricultural land management practices has been relatively low globally. Thus, there is considerable interest in understanding better the barriers, and determinants to the adoption of these practices. Stratified and snowball sampling techniques were employed to select a sample of 398 households. The household survey was employed to collect data on current adaptation strategies. Logistic regression was used to analyse the determinants of choice of adaptation strategies. Logistic regression analysis were carried out at p≤0.05. Poor access to water resources, limited knowledge and skills, shortage of farmland, lack of money, and inadequate extension services are some of the barriers to adopting agricultural land management practices. Age, gender, education farmland size, agro-ecology, income, farming experience, and total livestock units were significantly related to the choice of most of the agricultural land management practices. The results suggest that in order to increase the adoption of agricultural land management strategies, the reasons for non adoption must first be defined and addressed. Consequently emphasis needs to be placed on understanding and addressing farmers’ reasons for being unable or unwilling to adopt because in many cases is not the farmers’ failure as it is systems failure. Government policies and aid organizations should strengthen the current adaptation strategies used by rural communities and support less adopted adaptation strategies.

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