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Blinding ocular disorders and diabetes in patients followed in Abidjan in 2015

Author: 
Fofana, Z., Yohou, K. S., Coulibaly, A., Boni, S., Oga, S. and Kouassi, D.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Chronic diseases such as diabetes and eye complications are a public health problem in the world and in developing countries such as Côte d'Ivoire. A study was conducted at the National Institute of Public Health with the aim of measuring the extent of blinding ocular diseases in diabetic patients. This was a cross-sectional study of patients followed at the Abidjan Antidiabetic Center of the National Institute of Public Health from June to December 2015. The data were collected from patients using pre-tested questionnaires and from an interview and acomplet eophtalmological examination. The collected data were entered on the EPI data software and processed on the SPSS 12.0 software. 376 patients were recruited during this period. It was a population with an averageage of 54 years predominantly female (sex ration H / F of 0.67). The average duration of diabetes reported was 10 years and type II diabetes predominated. The prevalence of low vision (28.5%) and blindness (5.3%) were high. The most common blinding ocular conditions in diabetic patients followed in our study were cataract (32.7%) and diabetic retinopathy (15.4%) and glaucoma (14%). Given the socio-economic weight of this public health problem, the consideration and implementation in the health system of mass screening interventions and programs coupledwith the early management of diagnosed cases becomes a priority.

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