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Changing socio-economic condition and livelihood of Aged society of tribal community in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Author: 
Manish Kumar
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Majority of tribal’s are living below the poverty line, possessing meagre assets and are exclusively dependent on wages, forest produce and agriculture. The income and living condition of the elder tribes in comparison with other community elder people are much discouraging. In order to get a clear view of this issue, this study attempts to examine the changing pattern in socio-economic condition and livelihood of the elder in tribal community of eastern Uttar Pradesh. The study is the outcome of intensive fieldwork analysis of collected data from 25 villages of three districts in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Main findings of the study can be succinctly summarised as; only 15.7 % of the total households had Pucca house in 2005 which is increased to 27.8 % in 2015 and only 3 % have toilet facility in 2005 which goes up to 10.6 % in 2015. Annual income of 43.7 % household in 2005 is less than INR 5,000 as compared to 24.2 % in 2015 and Out of the total sample only 8.6 % had access to loan in 2005 which has increased to 18.2 % in 2015. Prior 2005 only 11.6% were having saving bank account, during 2005-2015 number of households having saving increased to 25.5 % and major source of household income in 2005 was forest gathering and daily wage labour but in 2015 it include minor share of government and private Sector job. The study noted that as a result of developmental interventions like IAY(Indria Awas Yozna), MGNREGA, SGSY( Sanjay Gandhi Swarojgar yojana), OLD AGE PENSION and other awareness programs; the Lifestyle of elderly tribal have not changed and it’s not much helped them to join the mainstream.

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