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Comparative evaluation of 16% carbamide peroxide on microhardness of nanofilled, nanohybrid and microfilled composite: An in vitro study

Author: 
Dr. Manoj Chandak, Dr. Nikita Oswalm, Dr. Nikhil Mankar, Dr. Rajesh Oswal and Dr. Rakhi Chandak
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The aim of the study was to compare the effect of 16% carbamide peroxide on microhardness of nanofilled, nanohybrid and microfilled composite. Materials and Methods: 20 samples of each composite (Nanofilled, Nanohybrid, Microfilled) were prepared in prefabricated silicon moulds and mounted on acrylic blocks. Microhardness testing was done prior to initiation of bleaching. Then the bleaching process was done with 16% carbamide peroxide. The gel was applied for 4 hours daily for 21 days. Microhardness testing was done post bleaching. The pre and post bleaching values were compared using student t test and one way ANOVA with the level of significance p=0.05. The results showed decrease in microhardness after bleaching for all three composites. The least reduction was seen in case of nanofilled composite.

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