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Comparison of sevoflurane verus halothane for induction in kashmiri children

Author: 
Kouser Benazir and Shazia Ashraf
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Among intravenous agents, propofol has been the drug of choice in view of better safety profile, relaxation and depression of upper airway reflexes. Sevoflurane on the other hand, with pleasant odor, nonirritating to the airways and with bronchodilator property are best among the volatile induction agents. Objectives: To compare the induction characteristics and ease of laryngeal mask airway insertion with halothane and sevoflurane in pediatric patients. Methods: A prospective randomized study of 200 American Society of Anaesthesiologists’ Class I and II patients was conducted equal distribution among two groups with 50 each undergoing gynecological procedures under general anesthesia. Group P received injection propofol and Group S received sevoflurane. Results: Sevoflurane took a longer time for induction and jaw relaxation than propofol. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups, with respect to LMA insertion time, and conditions. Apnea time was more in propofol group. Fall in heart rate and mean blood pressure was more in propofol. Conclusion: Propofol is associated with faster induction while sevoflurane is associated with good hemodynamic stability.

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