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Comparison of strength, balance and mobility between normal and overweight adolescent among the physiotherapy college students

Author: 
Dr. Khushbu Naik and Rushita Kakdiya
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: The world health organization (WHO) has declared overweight as one of the 10 health risk among any individuals. Lower performance level in balance and muscles strength has been observed in children compared to healthy adults. Deficit in lower extremity muscles strength and balance represents major intrinsic fall and injury risk factor. In overweight children skeletal muscles changes and development of muscles function are seen. Child with increased BMI affects the strength, balance, and mobility. The objectives of the study are to compare the strength, balance and mobility among normal and overweight among student of Physiotherapy College. Method: 140 adolescent with age group of 18 to 22 years was selected on basis of inclusion criteria from the college. Anthropometric measurement is taken for calculating body mass index. Body mass index is calculated based on subject height and weight. Height was measured in cm. and body mass in kg. Standing long jump test is used to assess the strength of the lower limb. Balance is assessed by the Y balance test and Mobility is assessed by timed up and go test. Result: Data analyzed by using t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient which showed significantly negative correlation of standing long jump test (r=0.0741,p<0.05) and (r=0.6573,p<0.05) shows negative correlation of Y balance test of right leg, (r=0 3486*p.<0.05)shows negative correlation of y balance test of left leg. (r=0.4928, p<0.05) which shows negative correlation of timed up and go test. Conclusion: Present study conducted between normal and overweight adolescent among age group of 18 to 22 years shows hardly any significant associations between variables of balance, mobility and lower extremity muscles strength. The children with increased BMI affect the balance, strength, speed .i.e.-mobility. There is not much significant correlation between normal and overweight adolescent among student of Physiotherapy College.

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