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Decentralization of education services: implication on access, equity, and quality. a Kenyan perspective

Author: 
Omulako Eman Jairo and Aleke John Olwete
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Most African countries have put in place policies that ensure delivery and achievement of the time lines for the provision of Education for A (EFA). Decentralization of education services is one of the many reforms put in place by many Governments for effective service delivery to its citizens. This paper thus outlines the implications of Decentralization of Education services on Access, Equity and Quality. The authors highlight the concept of Decentralization and the rationale of Decentralization of Education services. Policies and practices of decentralization of education services with specific reference to Kenya have been surveyed citing their positive effect on Access and Quality. These policies and practices include empowering Boards of Governors, Teacher recruitment, School Inspection Programs, empowerment of School Management Committees, Teacher Management programs, Provision of Teaching and Learning Material programs, Administration and Planning, Funding through Constituency Bursary Fund and Local Authority Transfer Fund. In conclusion the authors outline the potential benefits of decentralization as increased accountability to the citizens resulting in improved efficiency in the use of school resources as well as a better match between services provided and preferences of citizens.

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