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Determining heating requirements of a plastic tunnel exposed to Tekirdağ weather conditions based on daytime and nighttime Temperature differences

Author: 
Elif Yüksel Türkboylari
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Heating costs of greenhouse production are the costs incurred for increasing the temperature inside the greenhouse on cold days and nights, as required by the plants produced in the greenhouse. Heating costs of a protected cultivation has a high rate, namely 60 to 70 %, in production costs. Therefore, it is very important to calculate temperature requirements of greenhouses accurately for reducing production costs. In this study, a different method has been used to calculate temperature requirements of the greenhouse. Generally, calculation of temperature requirement is based on the difference between the lowest average exterior temperature on that region and optimum temperature required for plants. In other words, the calculation of temperature requirement is based on the assumption that the entire day is at the lowest average exterior temperature. According to this calculation, the temperature requirements of the greenhouse seem higher. Since the plants do not photosynthesize at night, the temperature inside the greenhouse should be lower at night and higher in the daytime. This study made separate calculations based on nighttime and daytime hours for determining temperature requirements of high tunnel. These calculated values were multiplied with nighttime – daytime hour rates to determine the average daily temperature requirement of the high tunnel. This method was used to determine heating requirements of a plastic high tunnel under climatic conditions of Tekirdağ province, based on months that plants require heating, for nighttime – daytime hours separately. As a result of this study, the temperature saving in January, which has the highest heating requirement, increased up to 25,7 %; 48,0 % in November, 36,0 % in December, 29,5 % in February, 33,4 % in March and 52,2 % in April.

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