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Detoxification enzyme activities in laboratory colonized carbofuran resistant culex quinquefasciatus say

Author: 
Aneesh, E. M. and Vijayan, V. A.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Carbofuran is a systemic insecticide/nematicide used extensively in modern agriculture to combat various major insect pests and vectors. Selection experiments for analyzing carbofuran resistance development were carried out for ten generations at Mysore with Culex quinquefasciatus, a widely dispersed domestic mosquito and the vector of lymphatic filariasis. The mosquito populations were continuously exposed to different carbofuran concentrations following the WHO method. Simultaneously detoxifying enzymes such as alpha esterase and glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) have been assayed qualitatively and quantitatively to relate the biochemical mechanisms involved in tolerance development. The selection experiments and enzyme assay have revealed a steady increase in tolerance build up and the target enzyme level. The results of larval selection test up to F10 revealed a significant increase in tolerance development in every generation compared to the susceptible F1. The results revealed up to 16.22 times tolerance after 10 generations.

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