To develop “Zinipol area” as a model area for municipal solid waste management in patan

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Author: 
Patel Hardik and Solanki Hitesh
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Problems of Municipal Solid Waste Management are increasing day by day with the increase of population, urbanization and industrialization. Our Indian Prime minister declared the Swachha Bharat Abhiyan to reduce the waste management problems in India. All the states of India are participating it to success it. Patan was also participated in to reduce the problems in Patan but due to some reasons, problems are not reducing. The present study was carried out in Zinipol area of Patan by being a mediator of Patan Nagar Palika and Public. Zinopol is a residential area having more than 120 households. During the study, Specific Municipal Solid Waste Management System from waste generation to disposal of the Zinipol area was developed as per the draft Solid Waste Management Rules, 2015 and implemented successfully with the support of Patan Nagar Palika and Public Participation of Zinipol area. The Swachhata Plan for the area was also developed with this. According to the Specific Municipal Solid Waste Management system and Plan of Zinipol, the entire household was segregating and storing dry waste and wet waste in separate dustbins at their home which was directly transferred to the processing site. At the site, the dry waste and wet waste was weighted and segregated in categories like compostable, recyclable, reusable and landfill. After segregation, compostable materials were used in composting, recyclable send for recycling, reusable given to stakeholders. The waste of Zinipol area was reduced up to 98 % by implementing the plan and system. Only 2 % waste was remain which has no solution with us so it was transferred to the dumping site because of no landfill sites in Patan and in its surrounding area. It was the first system and plan implemented in Patan which reduced the quantity of waste and supported to draft Solid Waste Management Rules, 2015.

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