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The development of fad-based pole and line (huhate) fisheries in bacan Island waters

Author: 
Jefry Bemba, Irham and Amirul Karman
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

Geographically, Bacan Island is truly strategic due to its position that situated at the center of skipjack fishing ground. The fishermen who are based in coastal fishing port (PPP) Panamboang using pole and line to catch this economist pelagic species in this site assisted by Fish Aggregate Devices (FADs). This fishing operation particularly requires live baits. However, the problems that are being faced by the fishermen are not having their own FADs. Additionally, live baits depend on the coastal dynamic such as tides and current. To solve these problems, this work prioritized on the strategy of pole and line development with FAD-basis. The objectives of this work are to evaluate the performance of pole and line and to formulate the priority and strategy of pole and line FAD-based in Bacan Island. This research was conductedin Bacan Island Waters during 30 days. Data collection was carried out using survey method to the object of the fishermen as the subject. Fishing gear used to catch skipjack was pole and line and the fishing ground was at the FAD area. The production trend during 10 years (2007 – 2016) had been increasing. Whereas, the productivity trend of caught tripe underwent a decreasing in 2014. This fishery business is profitable and feasible to continue. One of the strategy to save pole and line that has been operating in Bacan Island and based in coastal fishing port (PPP) Panamboang. South Halmahera has established a cooperation which has been coordinating the fishermen needs such as facilitating FAD, the small fleet units to obtain live bait and license arrangement.

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