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Effect of Funneliformis mossae (AMF) on growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown in fly ash amended soil

Author: 
Wankar, S. S. and Wadhai, V. S.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Fly ash, a residue of coal combustion from thermal power plant play potential role in bioreclamation of degraded agricultural soils. Fly ash contains some micro and macronutrients viz. Cu, Fe, Zn, Mo, Mg, K, P and Co, Cd, Cr, Pb, Ni which enhance the growth of plants. AMF helps plant growth by increasing uptake of nutrients, producing growth promoting hormones and suppress plant pathogens. In present study, utilization of beneficial microorganism viz. AMF e.g. Funneliformis mossae in fly ash amended soil for bioreclamation of degraded agricultural soil was studied. Pot assay method was conducted from last week of November to February. Various concentration of soil/fly ash (w/w) was prepared and were taken in different pots. Fly ash concentrations viz. 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% were taken in the respective pots. 0% i.e. only soil was considered as control. In first set, that is set no. F, only fly ash and soil was added (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%) and in another set, set no. C soil+FA+Funneliformis mossae was taken. Seeds of Wheat cultivar Lok-1 was used as test crop. During pot assay method, morphological characters of wheat plant were studied i.e. Germination %, Shoot length and Root length etc. Morphological characters were compared between set F and set C, over the control. Increase in %germination, shoot and root length was observed in set C which contains Funneliformis mossae as compared in set F which contained soil and fly ash. Highest shoot and root lengths were observed in set C2 and C4 followed by F2 contains 20% and 40% fly ash respectively. Rate of % germination was observed high in set no. C2, C4 followed by C1.The present study showed that AMF viz. Funneliformis mossae had vital role on wheat growth in fly ash amended soil.

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