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Effect of grape seed extract(proanthocyanidin) and sodium ascorbate; natural cross linkers on the push out bond strength of fibre post to root canal dentin – an in vitro study

Author: 
Dr. Aman Abrol, Dr. Charanjeet Singh, Dr. AnjulaJain and Dr. Neha Abrol
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of 5% proanthocyanidin-rich extract (grape seed extract [GSE]) and 10% sodium ascorbate on dentin and thereby to evaluate the bond strength and stability of the adhesion of fiber posts to the root canal dentin. Selected thirty extracted human single rooted teeth were decoronated below the cementoenamel junction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The roots were cut to a uniform length of 14 mm from the apical end. Pulp tissue and predentin were removed and the root canals were obturatedupto achieved working length. Post space was prepared 5 mm short of working length.Then specimens were divided based on the surface treatment of dentin prior to bonding as follows: Group I (n = 10, control): No prior dentin surface treatment; group II (n = 10): Dentin surface pretreated with 5% proanthocyanidin; and group III (n = 10): Dentin surface pretreated 10% sodium ascorbate. Push out bond strength of the specimens was tested using universal testing machine and the data were statistically analyzed.The results showed that the mean push out bond strength values of experimental Group 1 (GSE)(8.30 ± 2.33), Experimental Group(SA) (7.56 ± 2.33) were significantly higher than the mean push out bond strength value in the control group (6.42 ± 2.60).It can be concluded that dentin surface pretreatment with both 10% sodium ascorbate and 5% proanthocyanidin resulted in significant improvement in bond strength of resin composite to deep dentin.

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