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Effect of pre-emergent herbicides on the germination and initial growth of trifolium repens l.

Author: 
Geison Rodrigo Aisenberg, Davi Silva Dalberto, Felipe Koch, Ivan Ricardo Carvalho, Gustavo Henrique Demari, Vinicius Jardel Szareski, Maicon Nardino, Velci Queiróz de Souza, Tiago Pedó, Tiago Zanatta Aumonde, Dirceu Agostinetto
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of pre-emergent herbicide doses on the physiology of white clover seeds and the seedlings growth. The herbicides tested were atrazine, s-metolachlor and diclosulam and the application was performed in doses of 0 %, 50 %, 100 % and 200 % of the maximum registered dose of each product. Two tests were performed. The first one was carried out in laboratory, where germination, first germination count and germination speed index were evaluated. In the second test, performed in greenhouse conditions, the emergence and the length of shoots and roots of white clover seedlings were analyzed. In the test performed in laboratory, the most severe damages were caused by the use of s-metolachlor, resulting in reductions in the total germination, first germination count and germination speed index. In the experiment performed in a greenhouse, all herbicides reduced the growth of white clover seedlings; however, the application of atrazine caused most of the negative effects, reducing the emergence and the length of shoots and roots of the seedlings. The herbicides atrazine, s-metolachlor and diclosulam negatively affected the physiological performance of white clover seeds, as well as the seedling growth of this species.

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