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Effect of smoking and chewing tobacco on resting salivary flowrate and ph

Author: 
Dr. Saraswathi Gopal, K., Dr. Amala, M. and Dr. Harshavardhan, B. G.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Aim: The aim of the study is to analyze and compare the long term effect of tobacco on salivary Flowrate and pH among tobacco Chewers, Smokers and Controls. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 60 patients, categorized into three sub groups of 20 non-tobacco users, 20 Tobacco chewers and 20 Tobacco smokers. Salivary flowrate was measured using graduated tubes and pH of salivary flowrate using pH strips. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA. Probability value .05 is considered as statistically significant. Results: Alterations in salivary flowrates are observed in different form of tobacco users. The mean salivary flowrate and pH were 0.2200 in the smokers group, 0.1500 in chewers (paan masalas) group and 0.4300 in control group was noted,when compared a Significant difference was noted (P=.000). The mean (±SD) salivary pH of whole saliva, was 6.12 (±0.5) in the smokers group, 5.47 (±0.61) in the chewers group and 6.97 (±0.11) in the control group. Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that the long-term use of tobacco significantly reduces the Salivary flowrate and salivary pH. Alterations in these parameters could be an early sign of oral mucosal deterioration.

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