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Effect of two restoration techniques on: plant and soil surface cover and pastoral value in Steppic Algerian rangelands

Author: 
Salemkour, N., Fadlaoui, H., Benchouk-Chalabi, K. and Hamou, K.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

In Algeria, the fight against desertification begins with a restoration of steppic rangelands seriously degraded. In this framework more than two million hectares of pastoral land throughout the steppe have been exempted from agropastoral activities and fencing from grazing using enclosure and pastoral plantation with Atriplex canescens. This study aims to evaluate the impact of the two techniques on the restoration of degraded steppic rangelands. The methodological approach is the comparative analysis (One-way-ANOVA) of vital attributes of the ecosystem. The total plant cover (with a contribution of perennials and annuals species) and soil surface cover (bare ground, litter, stones, bare silty crust and wind veil) and pastoral value has been estimated inside and outside each technique (enclosure and pastoral plantation). The results obtained highlighted significant differences between the inside and outside of the restored rangelands, with an increase within the restored and protected rangelands of the recovery rate of vegetation and litter and pastoral value, and a decrease in bare ground, stones and wind veil, This improvement ensures both more stability to the various disturbances and proper functioning of the steppic ecosystem. However, the results emphasized a negative effect of the long term protection of these restored rangelands, this was observed by the occurrence of the bare silty crust on the soil surface, which has a negative effect on the installation of the vegetation and the emergence of seedlings (young plants) and the infiltration of water, where the importance of considering this parameter as an indicator for the opening of the fencing.

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