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Effectiveness of helfer skin tap technique on pain reduction among the patients receiving intramuscular injection

Author: 
Vathani, G., Kumari, M.J., Pandit, V.R
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: According to WHO, 12 billion intramuscular injections are administered annually throughout the world. On administering intramuscular injections, patients are experiencing pain and discomfort. Trying to provide injections with minimal pain is a part of nursing care to achieve greater outcome. Few researchers has found that injections and injection techniques revealed significant positive findings with non-pharmacologic pain management technique. Hence, it is necessary for them to provide helfer skin tap technique while giving intramuscular injection to reduce pain and discomfort. Objectives: The study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of helfer skin tap technique on pain reduction among the patients receiving an intramuscular injection and to associate between the level of pain with selected demographic variables & medication related variables. Methodology: The research approach was used experimental approach. Design was randomized control trial. Simple random sampling technique was used. Results: The findings of the study revealed that among 134 patients, the post-test pain score in the study group and control group (0.67±1.17 vs. 4.95±1.77) were found to be statistically highly significant at p<0.001 level. Conclusion: There was an effective pain reduction among the patients in study group who received Helfer Skin Tap Technique than the patients in the control group who received routine technique. CT

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