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Effects Of Deicers On Lead Mobilization In Saturated Soil

Author: 
Yu Xiao and Bassim Abbassi
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

This work investigates the effect of different chloride-based deicers (NaCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, and calcium magnesium chloride (CMC)) on mobilization of lead in saturated soil. Batch experiments were carried out on lead contaminated bentonite at room and refrigerated temperature. The results showed that NaCl and CMC have the least impact on mobilization of lead. The highest mobilization was found by CaCl2 application. The first order desorption coefficient (kt) was calculated for all deicers types based on 48 hr batch experiments. CaCl2 was found to exhibit the highest kt value (0.4 hr-1). The highest mean kt value was also found for CaCl2 (0.05 hr-1), a value that is 25 % greater than that for CMC. The statistical analysis of the data using R-Studio software indicated that the concentration of deicer is the major influencing factor on mobilization of lead from soil, whereas, deicer type and temperature has lesser effect.

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