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Effects of Pre and Neonatal Chromium exposure to the Spermatogenesis of male mice

Author: 
Manoj Kumar Panda and Acharya, U.R.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Chromium (Cr) is a hexavalent compound and a transitional metal used in different industries has been associated with reproductive abnormalities in male Swiss mice. Testicular dysfunctions, production of morphologically abnormal sperms, decreased sperm count, derangement of spermatogonial cells in the seminiferous tubules are the parameters of study in chromium induced Swiss mice. In the present study, an attempt has been undertaken to demonstrate whether chromium ions can traverse from the mother to the foetus and neonatal pups during gestation and lactation phases. Hence, female Swiss mice were administered with chromic acid (0.001%) through drinking water for 6 weeks from onset of pregnancy up to the end of lactation. Male pups were separately reared and 8 weeks of age the male mice were sacrificed and the testes were subjected to histological and biochemical analyses. Morphometric indices of the Cr-treated male mice indicated significant decrease in body and testes weight as compared to untreated controls. A sharp increase in lipid peroxidation potential indicated the generation of ROS due to Cr-catalysis and causes significant decline in antioxidant enzymes of the testes like peroxidation and catalase and non-enzymatic antioxidant vitamin C. As a result, these enzymes could not protect the testes from oxidative assault. The study demonstrates that maternal exposure to chromic acid during pre and neonatal stages impires spermatogenesis of male pups. Moreover, natural antioxidant system of the testes fails to protect the testes from oxidative assault resulting in impairment of spermatogenesis.

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