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Effects of the regular sport practice on body composition and the profile of the hepatic and muscular enzymes in sub-saharan african subjects

Author: 
Maïmouna Touré, Malick Diao, Souleymane Thiam, Mbaye Sène, Mor Diaw, Abdou Khadir Sow, Valentin Ouédraego, Arnaud Jean Florent Tiendrébéogo, Aïssatou Seck, Salimata Houndjo, Abdoulaye Ba and Abdoulaye Samb
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: The regular sport increases the hope and the quality of life, also allows the control of the weight. Questions remain on the effects of the sport on the clinico-biological parameters of the body. Our aim was to study the effect the impact of the regular sport on the body composition and the hepatic and muscular enzymatic profile by comparing foot ball players to sedentary subjects. Methodology: It was an experimental study concerning twenty seven (27) men. They are 14 foot ball players and 13sedentary subjects, between 18 and 30 years old. They had all sudden a measure of their constitution in fat and an analysis of transaminases, ALP, GGT, Total bilirubin, Fasting blood sugar, Creatine Kinase and lipids. Results: We had noticed that the BMI, the total fat mass as visceral fat was always higher at the sedentary subjects but the difference was not significant. The hepatic biological parameters are all higher at the foot ball players. However this differences was statistically significant only for AST (p=0,01) and ALT (p=0,04). So CK was also higer at the foot ball players. After a linear regression, we noticed that AST remains associated with ALT (p=0,005) and with CK (p=0,015).

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