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Electoral violence in Nigeria: A case study of niger delta

Author: 
ADEOSUN, Ahmed Babatunde, Dr. ISMAIL, Norafidah and Dr. ZENGENI, Knocks Tapiwa
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Election- related violence has characterised Nigeria electoral process since attainment of flag independence in 1960. Since the present Fourth Republic, all elections conducted in the country have been marred by violence. This paper examines electoral violence in Nigeria with a focus on Niger Delta region of Nigeria which has been the epic centre of election-related violence. This paper interrogates the role of elites from the region in the political-cum electoral violence. It contends that the fierce battle for political office in the region has to do with the control of oil wealth found in the region. The paper adopts a qualitative research method and relied on both primary and secondary sources of data. Primary data were collected through interviews of some of the major stakeholders from the region and secondary data gathered through journal articles, books and periodicals. Study findings show that elites support or promotion of violence is the key factor responsible for electoral violence in the region and other factors identify are under development, unemployment and juicy nature of political office or nature of politics. The paper concludes, among others, that political office should be made less attractive, elites found promoting violence before, during and after an election be sanctioned.

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