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Electropherotypes and G-types of group A rotaviruses detected in children of age <5 years with gastroenteritis in Haryana, India

Author: 
Ishwar Dutta Sharma, Jyoti Dabas, Rahul Khatri and Hari Mohan
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Group A rotaviruses are the most common causative agents of acute gastroenteritis among the children less than 5 year of age around the world. This study was performed during 2014-2016 to detect electropherotype of group A rotavirus infection and characterize G genotypes circulating in Haryana. In the present study 300 stool samples collected from diarrheic children (<5 years of age) hospitalized in six major hospitals and medical college of Haryana. Rotavirus group A confirmation assay was done by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Genotypic determination was done by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using specific primers of VP7 gene, followed by semi-nested type-specific multiplex PCR. Total 70 samples were found positive for rotaviral infection by RNA-PAGE. All the isolated exhibited 4-2-3-2 migration pattern of group A rotavirus. In this study 53 samples were shown long electropherotypes and 17 samples were shown short electropherotype migration pattern. Among these six different types of comigration pattern were detected in this study. The most common electropherotype was observed with comigration of 7th, 8th and 9th segments, that was 27.2%. It is concluded that long electropherotype profile of rotavirus is more prevalent in stool samples of Haryana. This study also suggests that dominance of G1 strain with long electropherotype in the study area.

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