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Environmental comfortness values amongst inhabitant in valley city bandar lampung, indonesia

Author: 
Novelina Tampubolon, Ricky Avenzora and Rachmad Hermawan
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The high cost of global climate mitigation and amelioration, which has now reached a temperature rise of 1.1o Celcius, never can be fully funded by developing countries in many cases, so an effort to raise funds for community participation needs to be systematized. Related to the unique characteristic of Bandar Lampung as a valley area of Bukit Barisan Mountainous Strips of Sumatera Island, thus the Bandar Lampung City has been choosen as an important area to conduct this study that aim to: 1) analyzing people's perception on climate change; 2) analyzing the value of Temperature Humidity Index (THI); and 3) analyzing the Willingness To Pay (WTP) to improve the quality of the environment. The data were collected using a closed ended questionnaire designed with One Score One Criteria Scoring System (Avenzora, 2008), followed by Kruskal Wallis and Dunn Test, and multiple linear regression analysis. The results of the study show that the people of Bandar Lampung City have perceived significantly the increase of temperature and humidity, which is caused by the increase of population, vehicle emission, land conversion and decrease of RTH (Green Open Space) as the main causal factors. This perception is supported by the study of the THI value of more than 27, which means included in the uncomfortable qualification. In terms of community WTP value, the study results indicate that there is a community's ability to contribute with an average value of 15.620 IDR/household/month; so that the estimated potential of community participation of Bandar Lampung City can be stated as 4.018.034.720 IDR per year. If correlated with the population in 416 districts and 98 cities in Indonesia, then the estimated potential of Indonesian urban community participation to be self-sufficient in overcoming the global climate is 22.626.269.846.080 IDR per year.

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