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Environmental impact and transforming social ecology in tea garden of india: the dictum and direction

Author: 
Bera, S., Acharya S. K. and Ahmad, G.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The social ecology of tea gardens in north-eastern part of India has been characterized with polymorphic interactions amongst and between three sets of sub- ecological cybernetics viz physical ecology(x), biological ecology (y) and social ecology (z). Each of these sub- ecosystems is being comprised of sets of constituent characters. The present study has envisaged polyhedral interactions amongst and between the constituent characters of these three sub-ecological characters. Accordingly, the above mentioned sub- ecologies (x,y,z) have been conceived to have sub-systems. The variables pertaining to all these sub-ecologies again have been articulated into the set of socio-economic characters(X) of respondents. All these .have been done to establish and estimate the pattern, direction and intensity of interaction to ultimately estimate the ecological behaviour of that tea garden setup. The respondents have been selected through both purposive and random sampling approaches to ultimately derive and elicit their behavioural traits in the changing meteorology, biological and physical setup. The results depict that a change in physical ecology, like, a change in rainfall pattern conspicuously enters the social echelon by impacting on income, market behavior and strategic interactions. The biological components like declining fish species and local weed sp. have entered the social echelon, by setting its livelihood generation to a new direction. So, the interdependent and mutually synchronized relationship amongst and between the physical, biological and social echelons have been the prime mover for ushering a social change viz. a viz. an ecological transformation as well. All these analytical outcomes can be networked to formulate a policy echelon to make clandestine intervention to protect the ecological health of that tea garden based mega-ecological setup from both decadence and destruction. The study would go a long way to make a series of interventions here in this area or can be replicated elsewhere having the same or near similar ecological setups and operational interactions.

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