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Ftir and mossbauer studies on industrial clay bricks from three different regions of Tamilnadu state , India

Author: 
Dhanapandian, S., Shanthi, M. and Manoharan, C.
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

The present study aims to estimate the firing temperature and firing condition of the industrial clay bricks from three different regions namely Ramanathapuram, Madurai and Manamadurai in Tamilnadu State, India. The firing temperature of bricks were estimated by refiring the samples to four different temperatures from 600 to 900°C in steps of 100°C in air in an electric muffle furnace for 2 h and recording the corresponding FTIR spectrum. Firing conditions of bricks were inferred from the observation of appearance or disappearance of octahedral sheet structure of silicate and the characteristic absorption positions of the bands due to the presence of iron oxides. The results showed that bricks from Ramanathapuram, Madurai and Manamadurai were fired to a temperature of above 900, around 800 and 700°C respectively. In addition, room temperature Mossbauer measurements were carried out to confirm FTIR results. The development of strength and reduction in porosity of the above bricks were noticed at elevated temperatures due to enhanced vitrification.

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