Global climate change and aquatic ecosystem: potential impacts and challenges

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Author: 
Rashmi Saini and Neena Kumar
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Global climatic changes have led to alteration in earth’s capacity to sustain life. Melting of ice, rise in sea-level and increased ocean acidity have affected the entire aquatic ecosystem. Changes in water quality, as a consequence of storms, snow-melt, and periods of elevated air temperature exceeds the thresholds of tolerance, leading to altered distribution and phenology of species and productivity of aquatic ecosystems. Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations alter ocean chemistry which affects the ecosystem structure and functioning. This review focuses on the adverse effects of climate changes on species habitat and their extinction, deep sea biodiversity and the potential impacts of oxygen-deficient dead-zone expansion, alterations in river flow regimes and hydrological cycle, thereby acting as the biggest challenge. It further emphasizes the need for ability to moderate, cope up with and take advantage of the consequences of climate change while preventing the degradation of ecosystems and preserving our biodiversity.

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Editorial Board Member's

Dr.Geetanjali Joshi Mishra
Lucknow, UP, INDIA
Dr. Sankalp Verma
India
Tannu Arora
India
Prof Dr. Lee Mun Seng
Malaysia
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
DANA MOHAMMED
UK
Ali Majnoony Tootakhaneh
Iran
Prof. Somchai Amornyotin
Thailand
Nurhodja Akbulaev
Turkey
Muhammad Hamid
Pakistan
MOHAMMAD GHOLAMI
Iran
MAVLYANOV ISKANDAR RAKHIMOVICH
Uzbekistan
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Eapen, Asha Sarah
USA
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
UK
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
Dr. Lokesh Gambhir
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Charu Bisaria
India
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Bensafi Abd-El-Hamid
Algeria
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Arun Kumar
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
ALIIHSAN SEKERTEKIN
Turkey
Yassine KADMI
French
Tariqual Islam Sajeeb
Dhaka
Jiban Shrestha
Nepal
Fredrick OJIJA
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Egypt
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Iraq
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Zafer Omer Ozdemir
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Tarek Habeeb Ramadan Ahmed
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