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Haemato-biochemical and antioxidant effects of triphala (emblica officinalis, terminalia bellirica and terminalia chebula ) on jatropha (jatropha curcas) deoiled seed cake induced toxicity in broiler chicken

Author: 
Sreelakshmi, M. S., Mammen J. Abraham, Nair, N. D., Manomohan, C. B., Usha, P. T. A. and Vishnurahav,R.B.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

A study was undertakento evaluate the haemato-biochemical and antioxidant effects of triphala on J.curcas deoiled seed cake induced changes in chicken. Two weeks old, seventy two, vencob broiler chicks maintained on standard broiler diet (BIS, 1992) were randomly divided into four groups of eighteen birds each. Group I was maintained on standard broiler diet (BIS, 1992), group II was given standard diet supplemented with five per cent raw jatropha deoiled seed cake (JSC). Group III was given five per cent untreated JSC as well as four per cent triphala and group IV was given five per cent untreated JSC for first two weeks, four per cent triphala for last four weeks. The experimental birds were maintained on the respective dietary regimes for a period of 42 days. Haemato-biochemical parameters and liver antioxidant levels were estimated at day 28 and at the end of the experiment. Parameters such as haemoglobin (Hb), volume of packed red cells (VPRC), total leucocyte count (TLC), total erythrocyte count (TEC), serum protein, albumin and superoxide dismutase levels (SOD) showed a significant reduction in raw JSC fed group II. Triphala supplemented groups III and IV showed significant reduction in these values, but were lower in magnitude when compared with group II indicating ameliorating effect. A significant increase in aspartate transaminase (AST), creatinine and tissue lipid peroxidation (LPO) was observed in group II. Group III, and IV showed significant increase in these parameters than control birds, but were lower when compared with those of group II. These were due to protective action of triphala on group III and IV, among the groups III and IV, group IV showed highest protection in jatropha toxicity.

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