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Home Built Lasing Action: A Review On Nitrogen Laser

Author: 
Solomon Zerihun
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

Laser is an acronym which stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. It is widely used in medicine, agriculture, military, security, laboratories and research activities. From different types of lasers; gas laser is commonly used of which nitrogen laser is emerging. Nitrogen molecules are the most abundant molecules in the earth's atmosphere, constituting 78.08%. Electron collisions with molecular nitrogen continue to receive interest due to their importance in gaseous discharge processes, such as those involved in nitrogen lasers. Nitrogen lasers are capable of producing very high power short pulses of ultraviolet light at a wavelength of 337.1nm. They have a wide range of applications in dye laser pumping, lidar (remote sensing), fast speed photography, atomic and lifetime spectroscopy, medical and biological research, etc. Compared to other gas lasers, nitrogen lasers are very cheap and easy to construct. Sometimes call us “home built lasers" for multiple comparative advantages.

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